Oral History Guide Interview Summaries



Transcripts of the California State Archives' oral histories are available for purchase. They are printed on acid–free paper and the price includes postage and handling. Please contact the oral history program coordinator, Sebastian Nelson to discuss payment and shipping options.

Oral history interviews conducted by the Regional Oral History Office are available to view in the California State Archives Research Room. Copyright laws limit the number of pages the California State Archives can reproduce from these volumes. Researchers must contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library at the University of California, Berkeley to obtain full transcripts of these volumes.


Interview Summaries (K)

Keene, Barry (OH 96–2)

Oral History Interview with Barry Keene. (1994). Assembly Member, 1972–1978; Senator, 1978–1992.

Keene comments on his childhood and education and becoming involved in politics as an intern. He discusses his law career and his work on the Constitution Revision Commission. He talks of Democratic politics in California and on the national level, including comments on Assembly speakers. Keene speaks about health policies: the California Natural Death Act, durable power of attorney, generic drug substitution, child abuse reporting, and the Medical Injury Compensation Reform Act. He also compares governors Reagan, Jerry Brown, Deukmejian and Wilson and discusses environmental issues such as costal protection, forestry, oil spills, and trails.

Transcript price: (301 pp.) $30.00



Kehoe, John T. (OH R–25)

"Advocacy for Education, Consumerism, and Governor Ronald Reagan, 1966–1974," Legislative Issue Management and Advocacy, 1961–1974. (1982). Director, Dept. of Consumer Affairs, 1972–1974; Legislative Assistant to the Governor, 1971–1972; Educational Consultant [to the Governor], 1970.

Kehoe acted as consultant on educational issues for Governor Reagan. He worked on several task forces, including the State Board of Education's Task Force on Moral Guidelines (1969–1970), the governor's Commission on Educational Reform (1970–1971), and the Tax Reduction Task Force (1973). The task forces play a role in developing options for policy and legislation, and show Reagan's style of governing. As Reagan's legislative assistant, he worked on some of the major issues for this period: public school finance, withholding, and welfare reform. Kehoe took over as director of the Dept. of Consumer Affairs in 1972. He considers his term as fence–mending among the bureaus and commissions, as well as coordinating consumer information, and advancing consumer protection in limited areas.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Kennedy, David Norman (OH 2004–02)

Oral History Interview with David Norman Kennedy. (2002). Director, California Department of Water Resources, 1983–1998.

Kennedy talks about his family background and education and his work as an engineer for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and California Department of Water Resources (DWR). He talks about the Metropolitan Water District (MWD), his job with that organization, and the projects he was involved with there. He discusses the State Water Project, the previous heads of DWR, and the Peripheral Canal campaign. Included in the discussion are information on Mono Lake, water agreements, the Cal–Fed process, and the issues of flood control, drought, water needs, and water policy. He speaks of his tenure as director of DWR and the relationships between departments within the Resources Agency. He also details his post–DWR experiences including serving as a World Bank consultant.

Transcript price: (216 pp.) $27.00



Kenny, Robert W. (OH W–16)

"California Attorney General and the 1946 Gubernatorial Campaign," Earl Warren: Fellow Constitutional Officers. (1969, 1975). Attorney General, 1943–1947.

Kenny was the only Democrat elected to statewide office in the 1940s, for one term (1942–1946) and for an office that was nonpartisan. Nevertheless, he was the de facto leader of the small group of Democrats who selected candidates, plotted strategy, and confronted Warren's superior campaign funding and heavy bipartisan popularity.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Kent, Roger (OH KB–2)

Building the Democratic Party in California, 1954–1966. (1976, 1977).

Kent became head of the northern California Democrats when he became vice chairman of the Democratic State Central Committee (DSCC) in 1954. He became statewide head in 1956 when he assumed chairmanship of the Democratic State Central Committee. The sessions show how Kent accepted the challenge to rebuild the Democratic party and what he and others of both parties did during the years of Kent's most active involvement.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Kent, Roger (OH W–5)

"A Democratic Leader Looks at the Warren Era," California Democrats in the Earl Warren. Era (1971).

Kent discusses his experiences with District Attorney Warren; Kent as an unsuccessful Democratic candidate for Congress in 1948 and 1950; and his initial years as chairman of the Democratic party from Northern California, 1954 to 1965.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Kerr, Clark (OH W–19)

"University of California Crises: Loyalty Oath and Free Speech Movement," Earl Warren: Views and Episodes. (1969). President of the University, 1959–1966; Chancellor at Berkeley, 1953–1958.

The loyalty oath was introduced by University President Gordon Sproul to forestall efforts by the state legislature to institute more severe measures to curb real or imagined subversion on campus. Kerr describes the attempts of the Committee on Privilege and Tenure of the northern section of the Academic Senate to reduce the devastating impact of the oath by holding hearings with the thirty–two faculty members who had refused to sign the oath and recommending that they not be fired. Despite Kerr's pleas to the regents, however, the board voted in August 1950 to dismiss the non–signing professors. As chancellor at Berkeley, Kerr fought successfully (with the help of a California Supreme Court decision) to have the professors reinstated and paid their lost salaries. The Free Speech Movement, which began in the fall of 1964, originated in overwhelming student protest of the September 14 order from the dean of students barring political activity and protest from a twenty–six foot wide strip of sidewalk at Bancroft and Telegraph. Kerr relates the complex series of events and personalities that led to the order.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Killea, Lucy L. (OH 2001–1)

Oral History Interview with Lucy L. Killea. (2000). Assembly Member, 1982–1989; Senator, 1989–1996.

Killea discusses her family background, childhood in Texas, education, her work in military intelligence, and being a delegate to the first General Assembly of the UN. She talks about living in Mexico during her husband's service as U.S. consul general, pursuing a graduate degree, her service on the San Diego City Council, and her successful bids for the assembly and the senate. She focuses on campaigning, the role of the Democratic Caucus in her campaigns, and the decision to change her party affiliation from Democrat to Independent. Killea discusses carrying legislation, committee assignments, the Women's Caucus, women serving in public office, and efforts toward ethical reform in the legislature. The Constitution Revision Commission, and the leadership style of colleagues and governors, the impact of term limits, and her interest in history and preservation are other topics.

Transcript price: (336 pp.) $33.00



Killion, George L. (OH W–7)

"Observations on Culbert Olson, Earl Warren, and Money Matters in Public Affairs," California State Finance in the 1940s. (1973). Chair, State Lands Commission, 1942–1943; Director of Finance, 1942–1943, Deputy Director, 1939–1942.

Killion was interviewed in order to document the transition from Culbert Olson's administration to Earl Warren's leadership. Killion supervised the preparation of the biennial state budget presented by Warren only days after being sworn in as governor of California in 1943.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



King, Warren (OH R–32)

"Governor Reagan's Use of Task Forces and Loaned Executives, 1966–1968," Organizational and Fiscal Views of the Reagan Administration. (1982).

King discusses the Governor's Survey on Efficiency and Cost Control task force was a new idea for bringing business–sector expertise to bear on public administration when governor–elect Reagan encountered it at the National Governors Conference in 1966. Task force teams fanned out through all departments of state government to observe, query, and draw up over 2,000 recommendations. Many recommendations could be then implemented administratively.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Kingman, Ruth (OH W–32)

"The Fair Play Committee and Citizen Participation," Japanese–American Relocation Reviewed, Vol. II: The Internment. (1971).

Kingman was executive secretary of the Pacific Coast Committee on American Principles and Fair Play. This was a group of prominent Californians who organized in the middle of 1941 to act as a counter–pressure group to various anti–Japanese hate groups. The committee did not publicly oppose the evacuation, but worked with government agencies to humanize the effects of it as much as possible. It lobbied for actions such as the formation of the famous Nisei Regiment, the 442d, and for relocation of Japanese–Americans out of the camps to other parts of the United States. Kingman worked full–time to try to change public opinion; visited relocation centers and traveled throughout the U.S. on behalf of the constitutional rights of Japanese–Americans.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Kline, J. Anthony (OH 92–7)

Oral History Interview with J. Anthony Kline. (1990, 1991). Legal Affairs Secretary, 1975–1980.

Kline discusses the governorship of Jerry Brown, 1975–1983, and covers criminal justice issues including sentencing and prison reform, bail reform, the judiciary and court reform, the Agricultural Labor Relations Act, water issues, California State Supreme court Chief Justice Rose Bird, and the workers' compensation system.

Transcript price: (90 pp.) $24.00



Kline, Richard A. (OH KB–14)

"Governor Brown's Faithful Advisor," The Governor's Office Under Edmund G. Brown, Sr.

(1977). Staff Secretary – Southern California, 1966; Travel Secretary, 1961–1962.

Kline joined Pat Brown's staff in 1960 serving in a number of capacities until 1966. He was the travel secretary during the 1962 campaign against Richard M. Nixon. Two other important assignments were directing Californians Against Proposition 14 (the fight to preserve fair housing), and heading the governor's Los Angeles office from 1964 to 1966, during which time the Watts riot occurred.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Knight, Virginia (OH KB–8)

California's First Lady, 1954–1958. (1977, 1978).

The narrative provides a portrait of the courtship and marriage of Virginia Carlson and Goodwin Knight and their life in the governor's mansion in Sacramento. She describes the increasing pressures from vice president Richard Nixon, Senator William Knowland, and President Dwight Eisenhower that led to Knight agreeing to run for the Senate in 1958 so Knowland could run for governor. She remembers the friends who turned out to help Goodie campaign. The interview continues with insights into Knight's life after the governorship: broadcasting a news commentary program, organizing a bank, and being involved in various charitable activities.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Knowland, William F. (OH W–22)

"California Republican Politics in the 1930s," Earl Warren's Campaigns, Vol. II. (1969, 1973). Senator, 1935–1937; Assembly Member, 1933; .

In the state chambers he fought for the institution of state income tax and sales tax, for a strong anti–lynching bill aimed at the protection of Negroes, for initiating unemployment insurance, and for creation of a public utility for his home county. In party activities he supported the formation of unifying coalitions and helped start the California Republican Assembly, an effort to create a younger G.O.P. constituency that would provide new leadership for the problems of the thirties.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Kopp, Quentin L. (OH 2003–3)

Oral History Interview with Quentin L. Kopp. (2001). Senator, 1987–1998.

Kopp discusses his family, childhood, and early education. He talks about his university and law school experiences, early jobs, and military service. He relates his experiences with several law firms, including his own, and his stints working on democratic campaigns in California. He details his experiences in campaigning for the San Francisco Board of Supervisors, his election, conflicts with Dianne Feinstein, and district issues. He discusses Dan White and the assassination of Harvey Milk and George Moscone, his campaign for mayor versus Feinstein, and his attempted run for a Board of Equalization seat. He also discusses running for San Francisco District Attorney and re–registering as an Independent after a disappointing final term in Board of Supervisors. He comments on his decision to run for senate and difficulties for independents in California politics. Kopp also talks about his committee service and his sponsored legislation, particularly in relation to open meeting laws and transportation issues. He also discusses redistricting and senate corruption scandals as well as leaving the legislature after term limits and his appointment as a judge.

Transcript price: (571 pp.) $63.00



Kossen, Sydney (OH KB–24)

"Covering Goodwin Knight and the Legislature for the San Francisco News, 1956–1958," Reporting From Sacramento. (1979).

Kossen assesses Knight's relationship with the legislature and his handling of controversial issues such as highways, water, taxes and the budget, and various lobbying efforts.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Kragen, Adrian A. (OH W–19)

"State and Industry Interests in Taxation, and Observations of Earl Warren," Earl Warren: Views and Episodes. (1975). Deputy Attorney General, 1942–1944.

Kragen discusses his work as deputy attorney general for tax matters under Earl Warren. He also discusses his work as legislative representative for the motion picture and other industries. Serving as technical expert on tax matters and unemployment insurance for employers, he continued to have contact with Warren as governor during years of some lively efforts to expand insurance coverage for employees.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Kreiser, Ralph (OH W–20)

"A Reporter Recollects the Warren Case," Earl Warren's Bakersfield. (1969).

Although Kreiser had not been in Bakersfield when Earl Warren lived there, he came in contact with the family at the time of the murder of Earl's father, Methias Warren, on May 15, 1938. Because the family had lived in relative obscurity until the tragedy struck, Kreisler and Police Chief Robert Powers are probably the best trained observers to shed light on the family.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Kuchel, Thomas H. (OH W–16)

"California State Controller," Earl Warren: Fellow Constitutional Officers. (1969, 1971, 1972). State Controller, 1946–1952.

Kuchel discusses his administration of the controller's office which was marked by reorganization along more modern and efficient lines; complex procedures which proved to be precedent–setting, as in making tax court opinions binding on future rulings of the controller's office; and his adherence to the somewhat depoliticized procedure of appointing inheritance tax appraisers through county panels.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



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