Oral History Guide Interview Summaries

Transcripts of the California State Archives' oral histories are available for purchase. They are printed on acid–free paper and the price includes postage and handling. Please contact the oral history program coordinator, Sebastian Nelson to discuss payment and shipping options.

Oral history interviews conducted by the Regional Oral History Office are available to view in the California State Archives Research Room. Copyright laws limit the number of pages the California State Archives can reproduce from these volumes. Researchers must contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library at the University of California, Berkeley to obtain full transcripts of these volumes.

Interview Summaries (G)

Gallagher, Marguerite (OH W–25)

"Administrative Procedures in Earl Warren's Office, 1938–1953," The Governor and the Public, the Press, and the Legislature. (1972). Administrative Assistant.

Gallagher discusses the changes that occurred inside the attorney general's office before and after Earl Warren assumed that office in 1938. She also discusses taking charge of processing the growing volume of correspondence from the public dealing with Warren's legislative proposals, and her role as the California delegation's Girl Friday in the Republican conventions, in presidential campaigns, and in the gubernatorial contests.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.

Gann, Paul (OH 89–4)

Oral History Interview with Paul Gann. (1987). Founder and President, People's Advocate, Inc., 1974–1989. (pdf ~ 3.67 MB, 101 pages)

Paul Gann discusses his leadership in California initiative election campaigns: Proposition 13 (1978) Property Tax Reform; Prop. 4 (1979) Government Spending Reform; Prop. 8 (1982) Victims' Bill of Rights; Prop. 24 (1984) Legislative Reform; Prop. 61 (1986) Public Pay Initiative; Prop. 72 (1988) Emergency Reserve for Highway Improvements. He also comments on the founding and operations of People's Advocate, Inc., his 1980 U.S. Senate campaign, and contracting Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.

Transcript price: (101 pp.) $24.00

Garcia, Miguel F. II (OH 91–4)

Oral History Interview with Miguel F. Garcia II. (1990). Executive Director, Californios for Fair Representation, 1981–1982.

Garcia discusses his early life in Mexico and Los Angeles, education through law school, legal work defending individuals subjected to police abuse, and details his activities––and those of many others––in Chicanos for Fair Representation leading up to the reapportionment of electoral districts in California based on 1970 and 1980 census counts, respectively. At the time of the interview he was an attorney in private practice.

Transcript price: (169 pp.) $27.00

Garibaldi, James D. (OH 90–11)

Oral History Interview with James D. Garibaldi. (1989). Assembly Member, 1935–1938; Legislative Representative, 1946– . (pdf ~ 2.1 MB, 65 pages)

Garibaldi discusses campaigning, assembly speakers, the practice of lobbying, the Third House, presidents pro tem of the senate, campaign financing.

Transcript price: (65 pp.) $21.00

Garrigus, Charles B. II (OH 89–21)

Oral History Interview with Charles B. Garrigus. (1988). Assembly Member, 1959–1966. (pdf ~ 5.52 MB, 248 pages)

Garrigus discusses his family background in Illinois, migration first to Oregon and later to California, campaigning for a state assembly seat; major education, water, agriculture, health, and civil rights issues and legislation; the legislative and executive leadership of Jesse M. Unruh and Edmund G. Brown, Sr.; California politics in the 1950s and 1960s, the Brown–era "responsible liberalism," one man, one vote; and the relationship between poetry and politics.

Transcript price: (248 pp.) $30.00

Gianelli, William R. (OH R–7)

The California State Department of Water Resources, 1967–1973. (1985). Director, 1967–1973.

Gianelli played a key departmental role in helping Director Harvey Banks and Deputy Director Ralph Brody move the Burns–Porter Act through the legislature. He accepted Governor Reagan's bid to direct the Department of Water Resources and complete the State Water Project. He now confronted one of the major challenges of his career. He discusses how he successfully overcame the financial and political hurdles which lay in the way and completed what is sometimes labeled Phase I of the project. President Reagan in 1981 appointed him Assistant Secretary of the Army for Civil Works, responsible for overseeing the civil works programs for water resources of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. He contrasts his successful state and frustrating federal government experiences in formulating and carrying out water policy objectives.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.

Gianturco, Adriana (OH 95–1)

Oral History Interview with Adriana Gianturco. (1994). Director, California Department of Transportation, 1976–1983.

Gianturco discusses her family background, education, and jobs prior to taking the position as Director of the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans). She describes the creation of Caltrans from the Division of Highway, that transition, and ongoing department reorganization. She also discusses controversial issues such as diamond lanes, "bankruptcy" of the state highway fund, her relations with the California Transportation Commission, and her relationship with the press. She touches on the goal of creating a balanced transportation system including mass transit such as Amtrak, light rail, and proposed high speed rail.

Transcript price: (698 pp.) 2 vols. $66.00

Gibson, Phil S. (OH KB–3)

"Reflections of a Chief Justice of the California Supreme Court," California Constitutional Officers. (1977). Justice, 1939–1964.

Gibson discusses administrative reforms he introduced, based on his business and legal experience. During the 1950s and 1960s, Gibson's insistence on improvements in procedures for judicial qualifications review, assignment of judges, and getting cases through the courts are credited by knowledgeable observers with setting standards for the nation.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.

Gillenwaters, Edgar M. (OH R–19)

"Washington Office Troubleshooter and Advocate for Commerce in California, 1967–1973," Internal and External Operations of the California Governor's Office, 1966–1974. (1983). Director, Dept. of Commerce, 1972–1973; Assistant to the Governor for Intergovernmental Affairs, 1970.

Between 1967 and 1971, Gillenwaters acted as Governor Reagan's liaison in Washington, D.C. After returning to Sacramento, Gillenwaters assisted Reagan in intergovernmental affairs and, in 1970, was a liaison between the governor's office staff and the staff heading the re–election campaign. Reagan appointed him director of the revitalized Dept. of Commerce in 1971 to bring development of the space shuttle to California. Gillenwaters relates the chronology of this campaign and shows how it complemented other activities within the department on behalf of the California economy.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.

Gleason, Verne E. (OH 90–5)

Oral History with Verne E. Gleason. (1981). Special Advisor on Welfare & Human Relations to California Senate, 1970–1974; Assistant Director, California Dept. of Social Welfare, 1950–1961, 1967–1970.

Gleason discusses Dept. of Social Welfare directors and organization from 1937 to 1970: administrative style and legislative programs of governors of the period; state Health and Welfare Agency organization and administrators; and development of principal legislation for public assistance and welfare services programs, including the 1971 Welfare Reform Act.

Transcript price: (198 pp.) $27.00

Goldberg, B. Abbott (OH KB–7)

"Water Policy Issues in the Courts, 1950–1966," California Water Issues, 1950–1966. (1979). Dept. of Water Resources, Chief Deputy Director, 1962–1966; Deputy Director, Contracts, 1961; Assistant Attorney General, 1959–1961; Deputy Attorney General, 1949–1959.

Goldberg handled Ivanhoe Irrigation District v. McCracken and Rank v. Krug, both landmark cases which were taken to the U.S. Supreme Court, and were decided in favor of the state. These defined the authority of the federal government in California's Central Valley Project. After passage of the California Water bond measure, Proposition I, in 1960, he was responsible for three cases which went to the state supreme court: Metropolitan Water district v. Marquardt, Warne v. Harkness, and California Water Resources Development Finance Committee v. Betts. Favorable court decisions in these crucial cases permitted the Dept. of Water Resources to carry forward its plans to construct and finance the State Water Project.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.

Grant, Allan (OH 92–4)

Oral History Interview with Allan Grant. (1991). Regent, University of California, 1967–1974. (pdf ~ 8.97 MB, 401 pages)

Grant discusses his background, entry into farming, involvement in community organizations in Tulare County, California, leadership positions in county, state, and national Farm Bureau Federations, and comments extensively on his eight–year term as a member of the University of California Board of Regents.

Transcript price: (401 pp.) $36.00

Graves, Richard Perrin (OH W–48)

Theoretician, Advocate and Candidate in California State Government. (1971).

Graves was a member of the first generation of professionally trained public administrators when he was assigned to District Attorney Earl Warren to assist in preparing a handbook on the administration of justice. He became executive of the League of California Cities, developing it into a highly effective advocate organization for which he was the spokesman, and one of the people with whom Governor Warren discussed ideas on program and tested their acceptability; he was also successful in encouraging the state senate to accept many of his approaches to emerging urban issues. As head of civil defense in 1940, Graves was a catalyst in Warren's decision to challenge Culbert Olson for the governorship.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.

Greenaway, Roy (OH 92–14)

Oral History Interview with Roy Greenaway. (1990, 1991). California Political Activist, 1952–1968.

Greenaway discusses Democratic politics from 1950 to 1968, including the Stevenson–Kefauver and Kennedy–Johnson presidential races, the senate campaigns of Clair Engle, Pierre Salinger, and Alan Cranston. He focuses on California: the evolution of the California Democratic Council (CDC); California elected officials – Pat Brown, Jesse Unruh, and William F. Knowland; the United Farm Workers and Cesar Chavez.

Transcript price: (287 pp.) $30.00

Greene, Leroy F. (OH 2000–1)

Oral History Interview with Leroy F. Greene. (1999). Assembly Member, 1962–1982; Senator, 1982–1998. (pdf ~ 5.67 MB, 228 pages)

Greene discusses his family and early life, career, and move to California. He talks about establishing a consulting engineers firm, then closing it and running for the Assembly. He outlines his committee assignments and describes how the legislative process really works. Greene describes the changes in the legislature's political style and campaigning as the years progress. He also discusses his relationships with other legislators, Speakers, and governors.

Transcript price: (228 pp.) $30.00

Gregorio, Arlen F. (OH 90–24)

Oral History Interview with Hon. Arlen F. Gregorio. (1989). Senator, 1971–1978.

Gregorio discusses his youth, education, family background, and early career before his upset election to the senate in 1970; his interest in the political process in the legislature and his efforts to reform the process with bills on open budget committee meetings, reform of the reapportionment process, limitation of legislator's terms, campaign and election reforms; his work on youth–oriented issues, environmental legislation, the Joint Legislative Committee on the Arts; his efforts to tax liquor to fund alcoholism rehabilitation programs; his work as chairman of the Health and Welfare Committee and the reorganization of Dept. of Health. He offers observations on legislative relations with Governors Ronald Reagan and Edmund G. Brown, Jr., and discusses his narrow election loss in 1978 and his subsequent career as a San Mateo County supervisor and a mediator in private practice.

Transcript price: (174 pp.) $27.00

Gregory, Bion Milton (OH 2004–07)

Oral History Interview with Bion Milton Gregory. (2004). Deputy Legislative Counsel of California, 1968–1970; Chief Counsel, California Senate Committee on Judiciary, 1971–1976; Legislative Counsel of California, 1976–2001. (pdf ~ 425K, 271 pages)

Bion Gregory discusses his childhood and education, his Navy service, and his internship and later employment with the California Legislative Council's Office. He talks about working with legislators and staff and the issues of reapportionment and lobbying. He discusses becoming Legislative Council and the history and duties of the office. He details the office's technological changes during his tenure and his relationship with colleagues, legislators, and governors. He talks of term limits and redistricting, initiatives, and other legal issues. He also speaks of his work with the Bar Association, his retirement as Legislative Council, and entering private practice.

Transcript price: (265 pp.) $30.00

Groff, Ellis J. (OH W–7)

"Some Details of Public Revenue and Expenditure in the 1940s," California State Finance in the 1940s. (1972). Principal Budget Analyst, Dept. of Finance, Division of Budgets and Accounts, 1946–1950.

Groff recounts the difficulties of coping with state finances during the years of the Great Depression. He then goes on to detail, budget by budget, the growth during Earl Warren's governorship of state expenditures and some of the technological and administrative changes they entailed, including descriptions of the major special funds and their rationales. Particularly interesting are his comments on interaction between the finance dept. and the legislature, as the senate and assembly increased their own administrative staffs.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.

Grossman, Aubrey (OH W–47)

"A Defense Attorney Assesses the King, Ramsay, Conner Case," The Shipboard Murder Case: Labor, Radicalism, and Earl Warren, 1936–1941. (1973).

Grossman places the case in the context of tensions on the waterfront that culminated in the 1936–1937 strike between employers, who wanted to destroy the unions, and labor, which was only newly organized. He assesses the defendants and comments on the effect that prison had on them. He discusses conditions aboard ships and the union's normal means of handling disputes. He describes the strategy and events of the courtroom battles, the 1939 Bridges deportation hearing, and the Julia Vickerson matter.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.

Groves, Sadie Perlin (OH KB–15)

"A Career as Private Secretary to Goodwin Knight, 1952–1958," The Governor's Office Under Goodwin Knight. (1979). Personal Secretary, 1954–1955; Private Secretary 1955–1958.

Groves was personal secretary for Goodwin Knight actually from 1952 through 1958, a period which also included Knight's last year as lieutenant governor under Earl Warren. She discusses her duties and how she had assisted Knight on a daily basis.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.

Guggenheim, Charles (OH KB–20)

"The Use of Film in Political Campaigning," Pat Brown: Friends and Campaigners. (1977). Producer.

Guggenheim provides a glimpse of the art of political campaign filmmaking. He also comments on the problems evident in Brown's ill–fated 1966 campaign for a third term as governor of California.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.

Gunterman, Joseph F. (OH R–23)

"Sacramento Advocate for the Friends Committee on Legislation of California," Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice in California, 1966–1976. (1983).

Gunterman discusses the efforts to abolish the death penalty, to establish fair housing firmly in the law, to create decent working conditions for the state's farm laborers, to fund a free lunch program for elementary school children from low income families, to broaden the rights of prison inmates, and even to convert the technology used in the manufacture of military weapons in California to nonmilitary purposes. Gunterman analyzes his approach to legislative advocacy.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.

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