Oral History Guide Interview Summaries



Transcripts of the California State Archives' oral histories are available for purchase. They are printed on acid–free paper and the price includes postage and handling. Please contact the oral history program coordinator, Sebastian Nelson to discuss payment and shipping options.

Oral history interviews conducted by the Regional Oral History Office are available to view in the California State Archives Research Room. Copyright laws limit the number of pages the California State Archives can reproduce from these volumes. Researchers must contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library at the University of California, Berkeley to obtain full transcripts of these volumes.


Interview Summaries (B)

Babbage, John D. (OH 88–11)

Oral History Interview with John D. Babbage. (1987). Assembly Member, 1949–1952. (pdf ~ 3.61 MB, 146 pages)

The interview includes biographical background information: family, education, training as a lawyer, and work for the Federal Bureau of Investigation (1941–1946). The focus is his period of service from the Riverside area in the state assembly: elections, committee work, legislation carried. Mr. Babbage discusses his efforts to obtain funding for the Riverside campus of the University of California.

Transcript price: (145 pp.) $27.00



Bagley, William T. (OH 90–10)

Oral History Interview with William T. Bagley. (1989). California Transportation Commission, 1983– ; Public Utilities Commission, 1983–1986; Chair, Commodity Futures Trading Commission, 1975–1979.

Bagley discusses his post–legislative career. As the first chairman of the federal Commodity Futures Trading Commission, he was responsible for creating a new body of regulatory law. His discussion of these years and of his subsequent California state service includes observations on the dangers of combining judicial, legislative, and executive power in regulatory commissions, and on the gubernatorial administrations of Edmund G. Brown, Jr., Ronald Reagan, and George Deukmejian. In his discussion of his public law practice with the firm Nossaman, Guthner, Knox, and Elliot, he reflects on the changes in the California legislature since 1974.

Transcript price: (49 pp.) $21.00



Bagley, William T. (OH R–3)

"Some Complexities of Social Progress and Fiscal Reform" in The Assembly, the State Senate, and the Governor's Office, 1958–1974. (1981). Assembly Member, 1961–1974.

Bagley, including fellow freshman assemblymen Flournoy, Monagan, and Veneman were intent on developing a moderate group in the legislature which would provide a progressive party stance on social issues. Their views put them at odds with the conservatives. The focus of the interview is on Reagan's years as governor and the struggle to resolve these conflicting positions in the critical area of state finance.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Balaban, Edith (OH W–43)

"Reminiscences About Nathan Harry Miller, Deputy District Attorney, Alameda County," Perspectives on the Alameda County District Attorney's Office, Vol. I. (1970).

Widow of Nathan Harry Miller, Balaban was interviewed in order to capture her reminiscences of her late husband's career as a deputy district attorney in Earl Warren's office. She relates how Miller was appointed in 1927 to the district attorney's office, and, by virtue of his membership in the streetcar men's union, became the "labor man" in the office. Miller was involved in the King, Ramsay, Conner case, and Balaban remembers the tensions that the case produced for the families of the deputies.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Bane, Tom (OH 97–3)

Oral History Interview with Tom Bane. (1995). Assembly Member, 1958–1964, 1974–1989. (pdf ~ 474 KB, 347 pages)

Bane tells of his family background and early life in California and, particularly, Los Angeles. He discusses his initial interest in politics, decision to run for Assembly, and his campaigns. He talks about his unsuccessful bid for Congress in 1964 and the ten years he spent in the financial sector between his assembly service periods. He relates his experiences as a founding member of the Constitution Revision Commission and the switch to a full–time legislature. Bane also discusses his differences with Jesse Unruh, his time as speaker pro tem and his sponsorship of hate crime and anti–discrimination legislation.

Transcript price: (348 pp.) $33.00



Bannai, Paul T. (OH 89–33)

Oral History Interview with Paul T. Bannai. (1989). Assembly Member, 1973–1980.

Bannai relates his family background, early career, and World War II experiences, including his dedication to the reimbursement of interned Japanese–Americans. He discusses his business career, service as an elected official in Gardena, elections to the state assembly, assembly committee service, legislative leadership in the assembly, other Asians in the legislature, and public service after he left the assembly.

Transcript price: (264 pp.) $30.00



Barnes, Stanley N. (OH W–21)

"Experiences in Grass Roots Organization," Earl Warren's Campaigns, Vol. I. (1971).

Barnes discusses the California Republican Assembly, Warren's years as governor, and his own career as assistant U.S. attorney general in charge of anti–trust.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Barrett, Douglas (OH KB–15)

"Goodwin Knight's Governor's Office, 1953–1958, and the Youth Authority, 1958–1965," The Governor's Office Under Goodwin Knight. (1979). Youth Authority Board, 1959–1965; Secretary 1957–1958; Assistant Press Secretary, 1954–1956.

Barrett gives a detailed picture of how the governor's office functioned in Sacramento. He relates how his own position, as well as those of other administrative secretaries, shifted from post to post within this office depending upon Governor Knight's administrative needs. Barrett relates his ideas about Knight's possible vice–presidential bid in 1956, the turmoil of the 1957–1958 "Big Switch." His appointment to the Youth Authority Board provides discussion about the juvenile corrections system in California.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Bates, Tom (OH 2004–01)

Oral History Interview with Tom Bates. (2000–2001). Alameda County Supervisor, 1973–1976; California State Assemblyman, 1977–1996.

Tom Bates discusses his family background and early years, college and athletics experiences, and his time in the Army. He talks about his career in real estate and his involvement in campaign management for others' campaigns. Bates details his campaign for Board of Supervisors and discusses local Bay Area issues and land use. He relates information about his campaign for the state legislature and key legislative issues and discusses term limits and challenging them in federal court in the Jones v. Bates lawsuit. He also comments on fundraising and lobbyists, East Bay issues, representing UC Berkeley and UC issues, and his own legislation. He also covers land preservation, racial politics, and his post–legislative activities as mayor of Berkeley.

Transcript price: (577 pp.) $63.00



Baus, Herbert M. (OH 90–22)

Oral History Interview with Herbert Baus. (1989, 1990). Political Consultant, 1948–1982.

Baus discusses his background, early work on political campaigns, especially those in Los Angeles City during the late forties and fifties. He describes the development of the firm Baus and Ross Co. and the way in which the two partners coordinated their work. He details the many ballot issue and candidate campaigns he consulted on locally, regionally, statewide, and nationally. Baus remarks on the political consulting profession and the changes in the manner in which campaigns are conducted.

Transcript price: (323 pp.) $33.00



Beach, Edwin W. (OH R–6)

"Some Technical and Political Aspects of State Budgeting," California State Department of Finance and Governor Ronald Reagan. (1984). Assistant Director, 1975–1978; Chief, Budget Division, 1962–1975; Chief Budget Analyst 1961–1962.

Beach focuses on the importance of making sure that different program concepts are adequately thought out and adequately costed before the governor makes a decision, with examples from welfare and corrections expenditures. He includes comments on the impact of federal funding and complications that resulted from the legislature developing its own, independent information capability in the early 1960s. He also provides valuable information on the growth and internal organization of the Dept. of Finance, including the advent of data processing and such innovations as program budgeting.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Beam, Kenneth S. (OH W–14A)

"Clergyman and Community Coordinator," Earl Warren and the Youth Authority. (1970).

Beam discusses his role in organizing community coordinating councils in the 1930s and 40s as a means of combatting juvenile delinquency, with the blessings of California youth correctional agencies.

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Beard, John William (OH 90–26)

Oral History Interview with Hon. John William Beard. (1987). Senator, 1957–1961; Chair, California Industrial Accident Commission, 1960–1965; Judge, El Cajon Municipal Court, 1980– . (pdf ~ 4.85 MB, 168 pages)

Judge Beard discusses the formation of the California Democratic Council, the workings of the senate prior to full time operation or reapportionment, and the role of lobbyists. He offers profiles of senate leaders and several fellow Democrats and comments on major legislation. The structure and operations of the Industrial Accident Commission and workmen's compensation are treated. Most of the interview covers 1957 to 1965.

Transcript price: (168 pp.) $27.00



Beck, Julian (OH 88–3)

Oral History Interview with Julian Beck. (1987). Governor's Legislative Secretary, 1958–1959; Assembly Member, 1943–1953. (pdf ~ 2.36 MB, 106 pages)

Beck discusses his family background, education, secondary school teaching, law practice, career and his major accomplishments while a member of the California State Assembly, service as Governor Edmund G. Brown, Sr.'s legislative secretary, and comments on legislative leadership, partisanship, electioneering, fund raising, and lobbying for teachers' groups.

Transcript price: (106 pp.) $24.00



Beck, Paul J. (OH R–16)

"From the Los Angeles Times to the Executive Press Office, 1967–1972," The Governor's Office and Public Information, Education, and Planning, 1967–1974. (1982). Press Secretary, 1968–1972; Assistant Press Secretary, 1967–1968.

Beck sheds light on the organization and decision–making in Governor Reagan's administration. As the agency system of administration developed and additional aides and liaison people were included in discussions, breakfast meetings of smaller groups were instituted that would sort out extraneous material. About the same time, Beck found that some decisions were being made at press conference briefings.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Becker, William (OH KB–14)

"Working for Civil Rights: With Unions, the Legislature, and Governor Pat Brown," The Governor's Office Under Edmund G. Brown, Sr. (1979). Assistant to the Governor for Human Rights, 1964–1967.

Becker speaks of his responsibilities for improving the state's own minority hiring practices and as the governor's man on the spot when troubles like the Watts riots arose. He also encouraged the effort to respond to social unrest by making state services accessible in neighborhood service centers, but found that finance officials in general were reluctant to accept the concept.

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Behr, Peter H. (OH 90–19)

Oral History Interview with Peter H. Behr. (1988, 1989). Senator, 1971–1978. (pdf ~ 9.09 MB, 393 pages)

Behr discusses open space issues on the Marin County Board of Supervisors, election campaigning, lobbying, and the legislative process in the senate, as illustrated by the progress of his Wild and Scenic Rivers Act, 1971–1972; his bill to require roll call votes in committees; protective legislation for tule elk, herring, and striped bass; malpractice and no–fault insurance legislation; and his efforts to pass property tax reform legislation in 1977 and 1978, including the campaign for his alternative to Proposition 13 in 1978.

Transcript price: (393 pp.) $36.00



Behrens, Earl C. (OH KB–24)

"Gubernatorial Campaigns and Party Issues: A Political Reporter's View, 1948–1966," Reporting From Sacramento. (1969, 1977). Journalist.

Behrens covered elections and legislative sessions for the San Francisco Chronicle. He provides a broad framework for understanding the press' view of California in the Earl Warren, Goodwin Knight, and Edmund Brown years. He discusses the events he covered and the role of the press in government and politics.

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Beilenson, Anthony (OH R–42)

Securing Liberal Legislation During the Reagan Administration. (1982). Assembly Member, 1963–1966; Senator, 1967–1976; U.S. Representative, 1977– .

Beilenson discusses the California Democratic Council and party politics, and his first years in the California Legislature as an assemblyman. In his recollections of the Reagan years, the 1967 Therapeutic Abortion Act and the 1971 Welfare Reform Act were main topics. He also notes relationships between Governor Reagan and his associates and legislators of both parties, recounted the state senate leadership battles of 1969 and 1970, and talked about his authorship of a variety of consumer bills in the early 1970s.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Beilenson, Anthony C. (OH 99–3)

Oral History Interview with Anthony C. Beilenson. (1998) Assembly Member, 1962–1966; Senator, 1966–1976; Congressman, 1976–1996.

Beilenson talks about his childhood and family background as well as his college career. He discusses his time in a law practice and his developing interest in politics. He outlines his state assembly, state senate, and House of Representatives service and comments on the differences in each organization. Beilenson speaks about his legislation regarding abortion and campaign finance reform, his campaigns, and his committee work. He also comments on the governors and presidents he worked with and their different styles.

Transcript price: (728 pp.) 2 vols. $66.00



Bell, Dorothy Hewes (OH KB–13)

"Reminiscences of Goodwin Knight," Goodwin Knight: Aides, Advisers, and Appointees. (1977).

Bell traces Knight's high school years at Manual Arts High School in Los Angeles, to his political campaigns as superior court judge, lieutenant governor, and governor.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Bell, Roy M. (OH R–6)

"Revenue Policies and Political Realities," California State Department of Finance and Governor Ronald Reagan. (1984). Deputy Director, 1979–1980; Director, 1975–1979; Assistant Director, 1962–1975; Chief, Budget Division, 1960–1962; Chief Budget Analyst, 1957–1960.

Bell concentrates on the significance of economic forecasting and recurrence fluctuations in state revenues. His sketches the ups and downs of income during the Reagan administration and the responses of different directors of Finance and the legislature. He also provides valuable information on the growth and internal organization of the Dept. of Finance, including the advent of data processing and such innovations as program budgeting.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Below, William C. (OH 91–17)

Oral History Interview with William C. Below. (1990). Consultant, Assembly Elections and Reapportionment Committee, 1965–1967.

Below discusses the assembly reapportionment plan for the 1965 redistricting, the creative role of a technician in drawing districts, development and use of computer programs, and direct mail techniques. He also discusses the relationship with Jesse Unruh, Phillip Burton, and Michael Berman.

Transcript price: (128 pp.) $27.00



Bergeson, Marian (OH 2001–5)

Oral History Interview with Marian Bergeson. (2000). Assembly Member, 1978–1984. Senator, 1985–1994.

Bergeson discusses her childhood experiences and family background, her teaching career, and early local political involvement. She outlines her experiences as a Republican woman, her decision to run for Assembly, and her Assembly campaigns. She refers to the Women's Caucus, her support for Howard Berman as Speaker, and her legislation on income tax indexing. Bergeson delineates her reasons for running for Senate, talks about those campaigns, and about particularly important water issues including the Salton Sea and the Peripheral Canal. She also relates her political experiences after leaving the Senate on the Orange County Board of Supervisors during the county's bankruptcy, as the State Secretary of Child Development and Education, and as a member of the State Board of Education.

Transcript price: (445 pp.) 2 vols. $60.00



Bergholz, Richard (OH KB–24)

"Reporting on California Government and Politics, 1953–1966," Reporting From Sacramento. (1979). Journalist.

A legislative and campaign reporter and political editor since 1941, Bergholz provides a professional newsman's view of locating legislators who are reliable sources of information, the camaraderie between journalists and legislators and the cautions thereof, the inner ear that protects a reporter on the campaign trail and the hazards of becoming part of a candidate's apparatus. He offers insights into technological change and the art of reporting: the impact of television, political polling, and professional campaign management.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Betts, Bert A .(OH 88–12)

Oral History Interview with Bert A. Betts. (1987). State Treasurer, 1958–1966.

Betts discusses the Democratic victory in 1958 and campaigns in 1962 and 1966. He focuses on the history of the State Treasurer's Office, attempts to create flexibility and competition in investment programs and bond sales, increase in bond sales in the 1960s, and modernization of office procedures. He concludes with discussion of the State Treasurer's office in the late 1980s and reflects on its growth under the direction of Jesse Unruh.

Transcript price: (187 pp.) $27.00



Beverly, Robert G. (OH R–24)

"Reflections of a Republican Assemblyman," Legislative–Governor Relations in the Reagan Years: Five Views. (1982). Senator, 1977–1985; Assembly Member, 1967–1976.

In 1970 and 1971, Beverly co–authored significant consumer protection legislation, and by the 1973–1974 legislative term was leading the Republican minority in the assembly.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Bilas, Richard A. (OH 2004–03)

Oral History Interview with Richard Bilas. (2003). California Energy Commission, 1987–1995; California Public Utilities Commission, 1997–2002.

Richard Bilas discusses his family and early life, education, including graduate school and Fulbright Fellowship, his interest in economics, and teaching at various universities. He talks about becoming Department of Economics Chair at the new CSU Bakersfield and his experiences there. He remarks on his appointment to the California Energy Commission (CEC), CEC's history and function, and other commissioners. Bilas comments on environmental organizations, energy deregulation, and emergency energy preparedness. He discusses the California Public Utilities Commission (PUC), his role within the agency, and the agency's history. He covers telecommunications issues, transportation issues, and the 2000 California energy crisis and the parties involved. He concludes with his resignation from the PUC and perspectives on his career.

Transcript price: (322 pp.) $33.00



Blease, Coleman A. (OH KB–22)

"A Lobbyist Views the Knight–Brown Era," Political Advocacy and Loyalty. (1979).

As a lobbyist for the Friends' Committee on Legislation and the American Civil Liberties Union, he was instrumental in persuading Assembly Speaker Ralph Brown to create the Assembly Criminal Procedure Committee in 1959. He played an equally active role in the designing and drafting of progressive criminal justice proposals, much of which is now law. He also discusses the effects of partisan politics and reapportionment on lobbying activities, personalities in the governor's office, the legislature, and the Third House.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Blevins, B.B. (OH 2004–09)

Oral History Interview with B.B. Blevins. (2003–2004). California Energy Commission, 1977–1995; California Department of Conservation, 1995–1997; California Environmental Protection Agency, 1997–2004; (Department of Water Resources, 2001; California Power Authority, 2002).

Blevins discusses his background and developing interests in history, archaeology and the environment. He talks of his first job in the energy field and of moving to California and taking a position with the California Energy Commission (CEC). He comments on petroleum supply in the late 1970s, Energy Commissioners––particularly Charles Imbrecht as Chair, energy planning and conservation, and the background to California's energy deregulation. He talks about his positions with the Department of Conservation and California Environmental Protection Agency (CalEPA), and the organization and roles of those agencies. He comments on his interaction with Governor Pete Wilson, problems with electricity deregulation, and the creation of the California Power Authority. He also reflects on state agencies involved with the environment and with resource management.

Transcript price: (256 pp.) $30.00



Boas, John Roger (OH R–10)

"Democratic State Central Committee Chairman, 1968–1970," Democratic Party Politics and Environmental Issues in California, 1962–1976. (1982).

Boas provides a succinct view of stresses and strains within the state and national party during the emerging ascendancy of the Republicans under Ronald Reagan's leadership as governor. Boas was a successful San Francisco businessman and county supervisor when he became Democratic state chairman.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Bodovitz, Joseph E. (OH R–41)

"Management and Policy Directions," The San Francisco Bay Conservation and Development Commission, 1964–1973. (1984). Executive Director, 1966–1973.

Bodovitz directed the commission's study of problems inherent in filling the bay and to recommend legislation for protecting the public interest. The McAteer–Petris Act in 1965 created the SF Bay Conservation and Development Commission granting this agency three years to come up with a plan which would balance conservation and development. Permanent status was accorded the commission in 1969.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Bonderson, Paul R. (OH KB–7)

"Executive Officer, Regional and State Water Pollution and Water Quality Control Boards, 1950–1966," California Water Issues, 1950–1966. (1980). Chief, Division of Water Quality, 1968–1975; Executive Officer, 1957–1968; Executive Officer, Central Coast Region, 1950–1957.

Bonderson discusses his role in the maintenance of water quality and the diverse scientific and administrative issues during his two decades of leadership on the state Water Pollution Control Board.

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Bouche, Brieuc (OH 93–11)

Oral History Interview with Brieuc Bouche. (1993). Master Wood Carver, High School Teacher at Manzanar Relocation Center, 1942–1943.

Bouche discusses his background and early life in France, learning wood carving, and immigrating to America. He talks about becoming an American citizen and his experiences while teaching at the Manzanar Relocation Center. He discusses the treatment and living conditions of Japanese Americans during World War II at Manzanar.

Transcript price: (113 pp.) $24.00



Bradley, Donald L. (OH KB–17)

Managing Democratic Campaigns, 1943–1966. (1977–1979).

He was the key professional in the 1950s when the Democrats began capturing Republican seats in the legislature by targeting their resources in districts which, for one reason or another, had to hold a special senatorial election. He was the person in charge when Edmund G. Brown won the governorship in 1958, again in 1962 (against Richard M. Nixon,) and for Brown's defeat by Ronald Reagan in 1966. He was also a California organizer for Democratic presidential candidate Adlai Stevenson and for U.S. Senators Clair Engle and Pierre Salinger.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Bradley, Melvin L. (OH R–15)

"Facilitating Minority Input on State Policy, 1970–1974," The Governor's Office: Access and Outreach, 1967–1974. (1983). Assistant to the Governor for Community Relations, 1973–1974.

Bradley discusses his responsibilities for providing input on minority community views on issues under discussion by the governor's staff and cabinet. Other important aspects of his work included arranging for black leaders to meet with Reagan and other administration officials and a continuing effort to insure that qualified black persons were considered for appointment to responsible positions in state government.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Brainin, David (OH 90–16)

Oral History with David Brainin. (1988). Revenue Estimator, California Dept. of Finance, 1950–1985. (pdf ~ 3.21 MB, 93 pages)

Brainin discusses budgets and tax programs of Governors Edmund G. Brown, Sr., Edmund G. Brown, Jr., Ronald Reagan, and George Deukmejian; federal tax reform, income tax withholding, revenue sharing, property tax reform and related issues; references to key finance department staff and legislative leaders of the period.

Transcript price: (93 pp.) $24.00



Breed, Allen F. (OH R–2)

"Theory and Practice in Juvenile Justice," The Art of Corrections Management, California 1967–1974. (1982). Director of Youth Authority, 1968–1977; Board of Corrections, 1968–1975.

Breed provides a reference point for California's longstanding concern for professional, humane correctional services. He discusses changes in direction that were instituted in response to changing social conditions and professional standards. He also discusses his ex officio role on the California Council on Criminal Justice.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Breed, Arthur H., Jr. (OH W–2)

Alameda County and the California Legislature: 1935–1958. (1973). Senator, 1939–1959.

Breed provides insights into Alameda County politics in the 1930s; the workings of the state senate of which he was a member in the 1940s and 1950s; and a long acquaintance with Earl Warren as district attorney, attorney general, and governor.

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Breslow, Lester (OH R–49)

Vision and Reality in State Health Care: Medi–Cal and Other Public Programs, 1946–1975. (1984). Director, Dept. of Public Health, 1965–1967.

Breslow provides a thoughtful discussion of the state's long tradition of quality health services, of the evolution of professional thinking in support of public financing of health care, and of the year when his statutory term as director overlapped Reagan's tenure as governor.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Brian, Earl W. (OH R–14)

"Health and Welfare Policy, 1970–1974: A Narrow Spectrum of Debate," Governor Reagan's Cabinet and Agency Administration. (1983). Secretary of Health and Welfare, 1973–1975; Chair, Board of Corrections, 1972–1974; Secretary of Human Relations, 1972–1973; Director, Dept. of Health Care Services, 1970–1972.

Reagan named him to head the Office of Health Care Services in 1970. His charge was to control the cost over–runs in the Medi–Cal program for the medically indigent. This state counterpart of the federal Medicaid program had been an issue in Reagan's 1966 campaign and its expenditures had continued to rise during the governor's first term. Brian brought new budget–minded staff in the office and established revised procedures for physician reimbursement, by administrative order. There ensued some celebrated battles with the civil service, the medical profession, and advocates for the poor. In 1971, when a governor's task force produced a major legislative package for welfare reform, Brian negotiated the Medi–Cal bill separately and in advance of the welfare bill. Brian was promoted to secretary of the Health and Welfare Agency in 1972. He undertook a major reorganization that combined the Office of Health Care Services and the payment units of the social welfare department into a new Department of Benefit Payments and also proposed combining the Department of Corrections and the Youth Authority into one department.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Brien, Nina Warren (OH W–18)

"Growing Up in the Warren Family," Earl Warren: The Governor's Family. (1977).

Brien recounts her recollections of the Warren family, her bout with polio, and her participation in her father's career.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Bright, Tom M. (OH KB–15)

"The Governor's Office of Goodwin J. Knight, 1953–1958," The Governor's Office Under Goodwin Knight. (1979). Secretary, 1953–1955; Press Secretary, 1955–1958.

Bright candidly describes the difficulties of being departmental secretary, dilemmas inherent in the job as well as those which were a result of Goodwin Knight's approach to governing. As a liaison between the governor and the heads of the various departments, Bright was supposed to translate ideas for policy back and forth. His comments about this job reveal some of the powerful dynamics present every day in the governor's office. He then discusses his other duties which included listening to the public as they came into the governor's office, and presiding over monthly meetings of the Governor's Council. It was during this period that Governor Knight and a few strong supporters, such as Bright, sent out feelers to test the possibility of Knight's running for either vice–president or president.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Britschgi, Carl A. (OH 89–28)

Oral History Interview with Carl A. Britschgi. (1988). Assembly Member, 1957–1970. (pdf ~ 3.68 MB, 103 pages)

This interview discusses politics in San Mateo County and Redwood City, as well as the state legislature. It covers campaigning, Education Committee, Ways and Means Committee, reapportionment, speakership, Britschgi's duties as Republican Whip, and the Legislative Representation Committee. He discusses Luther Lincoln, Ralph Brown, Jesse Unruh, Goodwin Knight, Edmund G. Brown, Sr., and Ronald Reagan.

Transcript price: (103 pp.) $24.00



Broaders, Halden C. (OH 92–1)

Oral History Interview with Halden C. Broaders. (1990). California Legislative Representative, 1957–1990.

Broaders talks about the 1949 consolidation of judicial district courts and about local justice in Tulare County (1950–1959). As lobbyist for Bank of America he discusses legislative reform and its impact on lobbying, regulation of banking institutions, five California governorships, and five speakerships.

Transcript price: (328 pp.) $33.00



Brody, Ralph M. (OH KB–7)

"Devising Legislation and Building Public Support for the California Water Project, 1950–1960; Brief History of the Westlands Water District," California Water Issues, 1950–1966. (1980). California Water Commission, Member, 1961–1966, Chair, 1962–1966; Deputy Director, Dept. of Water Resources, 1959–1960.

By the time Edmund G. Brown was inaugurated as governor in 1959, Brody had agreed to a dual appointment as deputy director of the Dept. of Water Resources and as the governor's special counsel on water problems. Despite difficult administrative relationships and a legislature and public polarized on the projected water plan, Brody, along with others, managed to pull together many of the guiding principals, the unique theoretical framework for building and financing the project, and the strategy for getting the Burns–Porter Act through the legislature. That bill laid the basis for the distribution of water from Oroville Dam in the north to Perris Reservoir in the south. It is accepted as the foundation for the Peripheral Canal, the Drain, and the eventual development of the north coast rivers.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Bronson, Leisa G. (OH 90–3)

Oral History Interview with Leisa G. Bronson. (1989). Democratic National Committeewoman, Democratic State Central Committee, Democratic Party Politics. (pdf ~ 2.95 MB, 134 pages)

Bronson relates her family and educational background and her activities in Ohio with the YWCA, as state public affairs chairman, and the League of Women Voters, in which she was active re child labor laws. She discusses her entry into party politics in California, her service as state vice chairman, her entry into Democratic politics in Arizona, and her service as Democratic National Committeewoman from that state. She reports on the three national conventions she attended––1952, 1956, 1960.

Transcript price: (134 pp.) $27.00



Bronzan, Bruce (OH 96–3)

Oral History Interview with Bruce Bronzan. (1995). Fresno County Supervisor, 1975–1981. Assembly Member, 1982–1992.

Bronzan discusses his activity on the Fresno County Board of Supervisors and his interest in public health care. He covers county and state election campaigns as well as key issues of his legislative service: health and mental health, family preservation, children's services, and agriculture.

Transcript price: (133 pp.) $27.00



Brown, Bernice Layne (OH KB–1)

"Life in the Governor's Mansion," Brown Family Portraits. (1979).

Brown recalls the challenges of maintaining a normal family life while fulfilling her role of First Lady.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Brown, Edmund G., Sr. (OH KB–26)

Years of Growth, 1939–1966: Law Enforcement, Politics and the Governor's Office. (1977–1981).

Political campaigns are discussed in greatest detail in this memoir: the emergence and remarkable continuity of Roger Kent's Democratic party leadership in combination with the impact of the grass roots California Democratic Council, and the internecine wrangle among Republicans Goodwin Knight, William F. Knowland, and Richard Nixon. These factors were major in electing Brown as governor in 1958, thereby creating the first Democratic sweep in the state's twentieth century history. During Brown's years in office, the California political process and state public administration became significantly more systemized. He describes the effort that ended candidate crossfiling on party primary ballots and how it strengthened the parties' role, and the development of more active campaign strategies by Democrats and Republicans. Brown, primarily in response to the general increase in responsibilities of the growing executive branch, initiated a major reorganization that incorporated the plethora of departments and commissions into four more manageable super–agencies. Progress in civil rights, development of water resources, and creation of a major plan for higher education are among the programs Brown speaks of with greatest pride. He examines with candor his inner struggle over capital punishment and his fruitless efforts to convince the legislature to approve his recommendations for increased revenues in the face of growing budget dilemmas.

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Brown, Edmund G., Sr. (OH KB–7)

"The California Water Project: Personal Interest and Involvement in the Legislation, Public Support, and Construction, 1950–1966," California Water Issues, 1950–1966. (1979). Governor, 1959–1966.

During his term as attorney general of California (1950–1958), Brown dealt with a number of crucial water issues and gradually concluded that the problems of water rights in California were related to water shortages. As he campaigned for election as governor, he used substantially this same argument. Within six months of taking office in January 1959, as a result of the governor's determination, some skillful strategy, and help from friends and advisors in and out of government, he achieved the legislation which specified the details of the California Water Project and provided the general scheme for financing it. During his administration, he was often thrust into the midst of disagreeing factions within his administration. Issues related to the use of tidelands oil funds to finance the water project, the joint federal–state San Luis Reservoir contract, the Pacific Southwest Water Plan and other ramifications stemming from the Arizona v. Colorado decision, and the need to lobby Congress for appropriations for several long–planned dams to be added to the Central Valley Project.

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Brown, Edmund G., Sr. (OH W–16)

"The Governor's Lawyer," Earl Warren: Fellow Constitutional Officers. (1969, 1975). Attorney General, 1951–1958.

Brown discusses Warren as an attorney general and a governor; Brown's perspective on his own criminal justice career as district attorney of San Francisco (1943–1951) and state attorney general (1951–1959).

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Brown, Francis M. (OH KB–1)

"Edmund G. Brown's Commitment to Lessen Social Ills: View from a Younger Brother," Brown Family Portraits. (1978).

Brown discusses the former governor's personal characteristics which contributed to his success in politics and which influenced his administrative style both as district attorney and governor. He also discusses appointments of women and minorities, criminal procedures in the district attorney's office, and the role of Bernice Brown in political life.

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Brown, Harold C. (OH KB–1)

"A Lifelong Republican for Edmund G. Brown," Brown Family Portraits. (1978).

Discussion centered on the background, meeting, and marriage of his parents, Edmund Joseph Brown and Ida Schuckman, and recollections of their personalities, of family life and of Brown's own San Francisco boyhood, law practice with his brother Edmund, and their membership in the reform–minded organization, New Order of Cincinnatus.

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Brownell, Herbert (OH W–17)

"Earl Warren's Appointment to the Supreme Court," Earl Warren: The Chief Justiceship.(1974).

Brownell was a major advisor to President Eisenhower in both his campaign and his appointments. His memorandum, dated 1975, recounts the events leading up to Warren's appointment as U.S. Chief Justice. An interview, dated 1974, is appended to the memo. Topics discussed include the 1952 Republican Convention's contested delegations, putting Eisenhower over the top, Warren as campaigner for the 1948 and 1952 races; offers to Warren of a Supreme Court justiceship, choosing a successor to Chief Justice Fred Vinson, the offer of the Chief Justiceship to Warren; investigation of Earl Warren and his views; White House responses to Warren Court decisions.

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Bruce, John (OH W–44)

"A Reporter Remembers Earl Warren," Perspectives on the Alameda County District Attorney's Office, Vol. II. (1969).

Bruce was interviewed in order to record his acquaintance with Earl Warren, first as a fellow student at the University of California at Berkeley and later as an Oakland reporter covering the county courts when Warren was in the district attorney's office.

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Bulcke, Germain (OH W–34)

"A Longshoreman's Observations," Labor Looks at Earl Warren. (1969).

Bulcke was one of the leaders who founded the ILWU prior to the 1934 Pacific Coast waterfront strike. He was the first member of organized labor to serve on the State Fish and Game Commission, appointed by both Governors Olson and Warren. Bullock graphically recalls the anathema of the non–organized maritime worker: star gangs, kickbacks, brass checks, often fatal working conditions, aspects of favoritism, pointing up the need for an efficiently organized union to ameliorate dockside conditions during the 1920s.

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Burby, John F. (OH 88–4)

Oral History Interview with John F. Burby. (1987). Governor's Press Secretary, 1961–1967.

Burby discusses his family background, education, World War II military experience, career in journalism, service as press secretary from 1961 to 1967 in the administration of Governor Edmund G. Brown, Sr., and significant events and issues that impacted the Brown administration in that period, and comments on state and local politics in general in Sacramento.

Transcript price: (187 pp.) $27.00



Burch, Meredith (OH KB–20)

"Political Notes," Pat Brown: Friends and Campaigners. (1977). Staff Secretary – Southern California, 1966–1967; Administrative Assistant, 1959–1960.

In the governor's first administration, Burch was an assistant to Governor Brown, working on his appointments to boards and commissions. She left to work on the 1960 Kennedy campaign, then to Washington to be administrative assistant to Fred Dutton. She returned to California in 1965, working for the governor on the National Governors' Conference held in Los Angeles. She then joined the governor's campaign staff for the 1966 election and was asked to accompany Mrs. Brown on her campaigning, handling her schedule and speeches.

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Burgener, Clair W. (OH 93–7)

Oral History Interview with Clair W. Burgener. (1990). Assembly Member, 1963–1967; Senator, 1967–1973; U.S. Representative, 1973–1983. (pdf ~ 4.82 MB, 204 pages)

Burgener outlines his experiences in California state politics, government, and legislation from the assembly and senate viewpoints. He tells of his relationship with Speaker Jesse Unruh and his committee assignments while in the assembly. He speaks of the transition to the state assembly and the effects of reapportionment. He focuses on his campaign for U.S. Senate, his activities in Congress, and his relationships with presidents, governors, and colleagues. He also discusses his work with mentally retarded children and his other legislative interests.

Transcript price: (204 pp.) $30.00



Burke, Yvonne Brathwaite (OH R–30)

New Arenas of Black Influence. (1982). Assembly Member, 1967–1972.

Burke discusses her early career and entry into politics. She relates her perceptions of the California State Assembly and the Reagan administration, of the governor's relations with the legislature as a whole and with individual legislators, and of the administration's responsiveness to minorities and women. Burke also discusses legislation that she sponsored and issues with which she was especially concerned.

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Burns, Hugh M. (OH KB–5)

"Legislative and Political Concerns of the Senate Pro Tem, 1957–1970," California Legislative Leaders, Vol. II. (1977, 1978). Senator, 1943–1970; Assembly Member, 1937–1941.

Burns discusses the California Water Plan legislation, the Senate Un–American Activities Committee (1949–1970), and the reapportionment battle of 1966.

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Burton, John L. (OH 88–15)

Oral History Interview with John L. Burton. (1987). Assembly Member, 1965–1974.

Burton discusses leadership and politics, Rules Committee, social welfare benefits; observations on Phillip Burton, Jesse Unruh, Robert Monagan, other political figures.

Transcript price: (54 pp.) $21.00



Busch, Burt W. (OH 88–16)

Oral History Interview with Burt W. Busch. (1988). Senator, 1947–1955. (PDF, 3.75MB, 93 pages)

Busch discusses activities of the Senate Interim Judiciary Committee, legislative leaders, earlier service as Lake County District Attorney (1930–1946); water, transportation, and other issues in northern California, 1920–1980.

Transcript price: (93 pp.) $24.00



Busterud, John A. (OH R–5)

The California Constitution Revision Commission. (1982). Assembly Member, 1957–1962; California Constitutional Revision Commission, 1963–1977.

This interview focuses on Busterud's relationship to the work of the California Constitution Revision Commission. He discusses his early interest in the need for constitutional revision in California when he served in the state assembly. He describes in detail his role as special counsel and full–time staff of the commission until he became one of its members.

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Button, A. Ronald (OH KB–3)

"California Republican Party Official and State Treasurer as California, 1956–1958," California Constitutional Officers. (1979). State Treasurer, 1956–1958.

Button discusses his positions as treasurer of the Republican State Central Committee (1950–1953) and national committee (1953 to 1956), the changes he made in the party's approach to fund raising, and his tenure as state treasurer of California.

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Byrne, Jerome (OH 94–9)

Oral History Interview with Jerome C. Byrne. (1993). Special Counsel, Special Forbes Committee, Board of Regents of the University of California, 1965.

Byrne relates information about his early life in Michigan, education in Michigan and at Harvard Law School, and professional career with Gibson, Dunn, and Crutcher. He details the work of the University of California Board of Regents' Special Forbes Committee under his direct supervision as special counsel. The campus free speech controversy and assessment of students in the 1960s figures prominently in Byrne's discussion. Byrne also talks about his association with several voluntary and professional associations and his role in the John F. Kennedy presidential primary campaign in California.

Transcript price: (191 pp.) $27.00



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