CALIFORNIA SECRETARY OF STATE
1997-1998 Lobbying Expenditures and
The Top 100 Lobbying Firms

January 1, 1997 through June 30, 1998


OVERVIEW

$223 million was spent to lobby state government in California during the 18-month period of January 1, 1997 through June 30, 1998.* $40 million was spent during the second quarter of 1998.

Among all lobbyist employers, Western States Petroleum Association spent the most on lobbying activities from January 1, 1997 through June 30, 1998. The association's total 18-month lobbying expenditures were $3.4 million.

During the second quarter of 1998, AT&T spent the most on lobbying activities--$1,107,936.

Among lobbying firms, Kahl/Pownall Advocates received the most payments during the 18-month period of January 1, 1997 through June 30, 1998, as well as during the second quarter of 1998. During the 18-month period, Kahl/Pownall Advocates received $5.3 million, and during the second quarter of 1998, the firm received $1,010,967.

The following report summarizes total payments made by 2,227 lobbyist employers, including payments made to in-house lobbyists and to contract lobbyists. In addition to salaries and fees, the payments include overhead expenses and gifts.

* Lobbying expenditures identified in this report include expenditures for the purpose of attempting to influence state administrative actions not related to the State Legislature. The most significant expenditures involving administrative actions are payments by utilities (e.g., Pacific Telesis Group & its Subsidiaries) in connection with proceedings before the Public Utilities Commission and payments by insurance companies (e.g., State Farm Insurance Companies) in connection with proceedings before the Department of Insurance.


In addition, lobbying expenditures include dues paid by certain government agencies to organizations that engage in specified lobbying activities. These dues are paid primarily by local governments to associations (e.g., California State Association of Counties; League of California Cities). Dues that must be disclosed as lobbying expenditures also are paid by some school districts and utilities. Consequently, the interest group categories identified in this report that include dues payments are: government, education, and utilities.




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December 1998