CALIFORNIA SECRETARY OF STATE
1997 Lobbying Expenditures and
The Top 100 Lobbying Firms

January 1, 1997 through December 31, 1997


OVERVIEW

$144.4 million was spent to lobby* state government in California during the 12-month period of January 1, 1997 through December 31, 1997. This sets a new record for annual lobbying expenditures.

Total lobbying expenditures for the last seven years were:

1997

$ 144,372,792

1996

   134,962,246

1995

   131,977,313

1994

   122,499,626

1993

   127,620,041

1992

   117,347,314

1991

   116,465,129

During the fourth quarter of 1997, $35 million was spent for lobbying.

Among all lobbyist employers, Western States Petroleum Association spent the most on lobbying activities during 1997. The association's total 12-month lobbying expenditures were $2.3 million.

During the fourth quarter of 1997, Western States Petroleum Association also spent the most on lobbying activities--$482,521.

The 100 top lobbying firms received a combined grand total of $64,374,390 during 1997, of which $16,249,791 was received during the fourth quarter.

Among lobbying firms, Kahl/Pownall Advocates received the most during the 12-month period of January 1, 1997 through December 31, 1997--$3.5 million.


During the fourth quarter of 1997, Kahl/Pownall Advocates also received the most--$921,114.

The following report summarizes total payments made by 2,191 lobbyist employers, including payments made to in-house lobbyists and to contract lobbyists. In addition to salaries and fees, the payments include overhead expenses and gifts.


* Lobbying expenditures identified in this report include expenditures for the purpose of attempting to influence state administrative actions not related to the State Legislature. The most significant expenditures involving administrative actions are payments by utilities (e.g., Pacific Telesis Group & its Subsidiaries) in connection with proceedings before the Public Utilities Commission and payments by insurance companies (e.g., State Farm Insurance Companies) in connection with proceedings before the Department of Insurance.

In addition, lobbying expenditures include dues paid by certain government agencies to organizations that engage in specified lobbying activities. These dues are paid primarily by local governments to associations (e.g., California State Association of Counties; League of California Cities). Dues that must be disclosed as lobbying expenditures also are paid by some school districts and utilities. Consequently, the interest group categories identified in this report that include dues payments are: government, education, and utilities.



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June 15, 1998