Lobbying Expenditures and
The Top 100 Lobbying Firms

January 1, 1999 through March 31, 1999


$36.6 million was spent to lobby state government in California during the three-month period of January 1, 1999 through March 31, 1999.*

Among all lobbyist employers, Pacific Telesis Group & its subsidiaries spent the most on lobbying activities during the first quarter of 1999. The total three-month lobbying expenditures for Pacific Telesis Group & its subsidiaries were $626,302.

Among lobbying firms, Kahl/Pownall Advocates received the most payments during the first quarter of 1999--$964,363.

The following report summarizes total payments made by 2,176 lobbyist employers, including payments made to in-house lobbyists and to contract lobbyists. In addition to salaries and fees, the payments include overhead expenses and gifts. Total payments to the top 100 lobbying firms also are included.

The report identifies lobbyist employers by categories, ranging from agriculture to utilities. Rankings of the categories by expenditures for the three-month period of January 1, 1999 through March 31, 1999. (NOTE: Lobbying entities indicate the category in which they believe they belong when they register, and may only be placed in one category.)


Lobbying Expenditures Index


Lobbyist Employers by Interest Group

Top 100 Lobbying Firms

Summary by Interest Groups

First Quarter Lobbying Expenditures Ranked from High to Low

Summary of
The Top 10 Lobbyist Employers

First Quarter Top 10 Lobbyist Employers

Summary of
The Top 10 Lobbying Firms

First Quarter Top 10 Lobbying Firms

* Lobbying expenditures identified in this report include expenditures for the purpose of attempting to influence state administrative actions in addition to expenditures to influence the State Legislature. The most significant expenditures involving administrative actions are payments by utilities (e.g., Pacific Telesis Group & its subsidiaries) in connection with proceedings before the Public Utilities Commission and payments by insurance companies (e.g., State Farm Insurance Companies) in connection with proceedings before the Department of Insurance. In addition, lobbying expenditures include dues paid by certain government agencies to organizations that engage in specified lobbying activities. These dues are paid primarily by local governments to associations (e.g., California State Association of Counties; League of California Cities). Dues which must be disclosed as lobbying expenditures also are paid by some school districts and utilities. Consequently, the interest group categories identified in this report which include dues payments are: government, education, and utilities.

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July 1999