National Voter Registration Act (NVRA)
The National Voter Registration Act (NVRA) is often referred to as Motor Voter, because it requires Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) offices to offer people an opportunity to register to vote when they renew their driver license or state ID card.
Under the NVRA, many other state government offices are also required to offer people the chance to register to vote, including social service agencies, armed forces recruitment centers, and state tax agencies. These governmental offices are known as NVRA Voter Registration Agencies. Each NVRA Voter Registration Agency must provide people with the chance to register to vote or, if they choose not to register, to sign a form declining to register.
Here you will find information on the NVRA and the Secretary of State's efforts to assist state NVRA Voter Registration Agencies and county elections officials in ensuring people are provided with the opportunity to register to vote.
The NVRA has five main provisions for states:
- Voter Registration: Offer opportunities to register to vote at all NVRA Voter Registration Agencies. For more information, please visit our NVRA Voter Registration Agencies web page;
- Voter Registration List Maintenance: Adopt procedures to remove ineligible voters from the list of registered voters, while ensuring no voters are removed for the failure to cast a ballot. Elections officials may use change of address information to update voter records, but may not remove a voter from the rolls based solely on this information. For more information, please visit our NVRA List Maintenance Requirements section;
- Fail Safe Voting: Let voters cast a provisional ballot if they have moved within the same county but did not re-register at their new address.
- NVRA Record Keeping and Reporting: Keep track of voter registration numbers overall and, in particular, how many voter registrations come in from NVRA Voter Registration Agencies. Report that information to the Election Assistance Commission (EAC) by March 31st in odd-numbered years. While the number of declinations (when a voter declines to register) is not required to be reported to the EAC, the NVRA requires that declination forms be kept on file at each NVRA Voter Registration Agency. For more information, please visit our Federal Reporting to the Election Assistance Commission (EAC) section; and
- National Voter Registration Form: Accept new voter registrations on the National Voter Registration Form.