County elections officials mail vote-by-mail ballots to all active registered voters. Any registered voter may vote using a vote-by-mail ballot instead of going to the polls on Election Day.
- Register to Vote
- Voting By Mail
- California Replacement Ballot Application
- Application to Provide Vote-By-Mail Ballot to Representative
- Military & Overseas Vote-By-Mail Voting
- Best Practices for Vote-By-Mail Envelope Design
- Historical Vote-By-Mail Ballot Statistics
Register to Vote
County elections officials mail vote-by-mail ballots to all active registered voters. If you believe you are already registered, you can verify your registration online with our “My Voter Status” tool.
If you are not already registered, you can register online at RegisterToVote.ca.gov.
Voting By Mail
Any registered voter may vote using a vote-by-mail ballot instead of going to the polls on Election Day.
After you have voted, insert your ballot in the envelope provided, making sure you complete all required information on the envelope.
You may return your voted ballot by
- mailing it to your county elections official;
- Vote-by-mail ballots that are mailed must be postmarked on or before Election Day and received by your county elections office no later than 7 days after Election Day.
- If you are not sure your vote-by-mail ballot will arrive in time if mailed, bring it to any polling place in the state between 7:00 a.m. and 8:00 p.m. on Election Day.
- returning it in person to any polling place within the state or the office of your county elections official;
- Vote-by-mail ballots that are personally delivered must be delivered no later than the close of polls at 8:00 p.m. on Election Day.
- dropping your ballot off at a drop-off location or into a ballot drop box within the state; or
- Vote-by-mail ballots that are personally delivered to a ballot drop-off location must be delivered no later than the close of polls at 8:00 p.m. on Election Day.
- authorizing someone to return the ballot on your behalf.
- Anyone may return your ballot for you, as long as they do not get paid on a per ballot basis. In order for your ballot to be counted, you must fill out the authorization section found on the outside of your ballot envelope.
When your vote-by-mail ballot is received by your county elections official, your signature on the return envelope will be compared to the signature(s) in your voter registration record. To preserve the secrecy of your ballot, the ballot will then be separated from the return envelope, and then it will be tallied.
All valid vote-by-mail ballots are counted in every election in California, regardless of the outcome or closeness of any race. For additional information on how and when ballots are verified and tabulated, please visit our description of how the official canvass of the vote is completed.
Voting for the First Time
When you registered to vote, you were asked to fill in your driver license number, California identification number, or the last four digits of your Social Security number. If you are a first-time voter in a federal election and did not include this information when you registered, send a photocopy of some personal identification to your county elections official before the election.
A copy of a recent utility bill, the county Voter Information Guide you received from your county elections office, or another document sent to you by a government agency are examples of acceptable forms of identification. Other examples include your passport, driver license, official California identification card, or student identification card.
If your identity cannot be verified, then your Vote-by-Mail ballot return envelope will not be opened.
For more information on identification to use when you vote for the first time, check the complete list of acceptable forms of identification (PDF) or call the Secretary of State's toll-free voter hotline at (800) 345-VOTE (8683).
Status of your Vote-By-Mail Ballot
California Elections Code section 3017(c) requires county elections officials to establish procedures to track and confirm the receipt of voted vote-by-mail ballots and to make this information available by means of an online access system using the county's elections division web site or via a toll-free telephone number.
You may also check the status of your ballot by visiting, “My Voter Status.”
Where's My Ballot
The California Secretary of State is now offering Where’s My Ballot?—a new way for voters to track and receive notiﬁcations on the status of their vote-by-mail ballot. Powered by BallotTrax, Where’s My Ballot? lets voters know where their ballot is, and its status, every step of the way.
A voter who has signed up will receive notices via email, text, or voice message from the county elections official regarding the status of the voter's vote-by-mail ballot including:
- When the ballot has been delivered
- The date that the voter's ballot is expected to be delivered to the voter
- If the voter's ballot is returned as undeliverable to the county elections official by the USPS
- When the voter's completed ballot has been received by the county
- Whether the voter's completed ballot has been accepted or a reason why the ballot could not be accepted and instructions of steps the voter can take in order to have the ballot accepted
- The deadline for the voter to return his or her ballot if the county has not received a voter's completed ballot by specified dates as determined by the county elections official
Sign-up at WheresMyBallot.sos.ca.gov to receive automatic email, SMS (text), or voice call notiﬁcations about your ballot.
Where’s My Ballot? is available in all 58 California counties.
Only the registered voter themself may request a replacement ballot. A request for a replacement ballot that is made by any person other than the registered voter is a criminal offense. (Elec. Code, § 3014(a).)
The California Replacement Ballot Application can be found here:
Application to Provide Vote-by-Mail Ballot to Representative
If you need a replacement ballot, you may apply in writing for a vote-by-mail ballot to be provided to your representative. This application must be provided in person to your county elections office by your representative. (Elec. Code, § 3014(b).)
Once you mark your ballot, you may return your voted ballot by any of the methods described above .
The Application to Provide Vote-by-Mail Ballot to Representative can be found here:
As a military or overseas voter, in order to receive your election materials and vote when you are absent from your county while serving and/or living overseas, you need to be registered as a military or overseas voter by completing the California Online Voter Registration (COVR) application or by completing the Federal Post Card Application (FPCA). The FPCA is available from the Federal Voting Assistance Program.
For additional information, please visit our Military and Overseas Voting Information section.
The Center for Civic Design has consulted with the United States Postal Service (USPS) to complete a review of the universal vote-by-mail envelope package that was first launched in 2018. During that consultation, the Center for Civic Design identified several changes to better meet service guidelines and ensure that vote by mail ballots are successfully delivered. Utilizing these uniform guidelines can assist in statewide voter education efforts, ensure voters receive their materials timely, and aid voters in understanding the materials that are sent to them. As many voters will experience voting by mail for the first time, the Secretary of State’s office encourages counties to utilize the resources provided by the Center for Civic Design to assist in a successful rollout of increased vote-by-mail voting.
The Center for Civic Design has provided updated USPS templates (PDF), InDesign templates of the outgoing (ZIP) and return (ZIP) envelopes, and an updated informational USPS flyer (PDF) for counties to use in implementing this updated universal design. They have also provided sample voter information inserts (PDF) to use in county vote-by-mail packages and an updated color palette (PDF). You may find these updated templates and more by visiting the Center for Civic Design's website.
The Secretary of State maintains the following historical statistics for vote-by-mail usage:
- Historical Vote-By-Mail (Absentee) Ballot Use in California
- Registered Permanent Vote-By-Mail Statistics 1992 to 2022* (XLSX)
- Vote-By-Mail Statistics 2003 to 2022* (XLSX)
- Vote-By-Mail Ballot Rejection Reason Reports
*Please note the individual county elections offices provided these numbers. Because not all counties provided information, no complete statewide data is available.