Initiatives and Referenda Cleared for Circulation

The Attorney General prepares a circulating title and summary of the chief purpose and points of a proposed initiative measure. Proposed initiative measures are cleared for circulation on the day the circulating title and summary is sent to the initiative proponent(s). No petition may be circulated for signatures before it has been cleared to do so by the Attorney General.

Please note: Counties have 8 working days after a proposed initiative measure's circulation deadline (Elections Code section 9030 (b)) to notify the Secretary of State's Office if any petition signatures were received. If no signatures are submitted, a proposed initiative measure will fail on the 9th working day after its circulation deadline.


1828. (17-0031)
Amends Various State Laws Concerning Taxes, Fees, Debt, Credit, Child Support, and Driving Under the Influence. Initiative Statute.
Summary Date: 11/16/17 | Circulation Deadline: 05/15/18 | Signatures Required: 365,880
Proponents: Walter S. Glass II (619) 578-2539

Restricts collection of: unpaid state personal income and corporation taxes and other fines, penalties and debt owed to state/local government, and unpaid child support obligations. Reduces vehicle license fee. Reduces or eliminates Department of Motor Vehicles fees and penalties. Requires voter approval of any new or increased fees to Department of Motor Vehicles. Restricts disclosure of arrests or convictions for driving under the influence and limits use of vehicle ignition locks after such convictions. Limits certain information on consumer credit reports and interest on certain consumer loans. Summary of estimate by Legislative Analyst and Director of Finance of fiscal impact on state and local government: Reduced state income tax revenue of several billion dollars on a one-time basis over the near term. Reduced annual state income tax revenues potentially in the tens of billions of dollars, depending on how taxpayers and the state respond to the measure’s changes to the state income tax system. Reduced annual state and local revenues of several billion dollars from various charges collected by DMV. These revenues would otherwise primarily support public safety and health and human services at the local level, and the operation of CHP and DMV. (17-0031.)

1831. (17-0034)
Requires That Proceeds of Bonds or Taxes Approved by the Voters Be Spent on the Specific Projects or Uses Approved by the Voters. Initiative Constitutional Amendment.
Summary Date: 12/04/17 | Circulation Deadline: 06/04/18 | Signatures Required: 585,407
Proponents: Michael S. Warda c/o Dave Gilliard or Natalie Blanning (916) 626-6804

Prohibits state and local governments and special districts from spending proceeds of bonds or taxes approved by the voters for any purposes other than those provided in the measure authorizing those bonds or taxes. Summary of estimate by Legislative Analyst and Director of Finance of fiscal impact on state and local government: Potentially less state and local fiscal flexibility over the use of bond proceeds and tax revenue, depending upon future decisions made by elected officials, the courts, and the voters. (17-0034.)

1835. (17-0038, Amdt.#1)
Increases Student Aid Funding at California Public Colleges and Universities by Enacting a Dedicated Tax on Some Estates. Initiative Constitutional Amendment and Statute.
Summary Date: 12/15/17 | Circulation Deadline: 06/13/18 | Signatures Required: 585,407
Proponents: Lolita Roibal and Lavanya Chekuru c/o Danielle Leonard (415) 421-7151

Increases student aid funding for undergraduate students at University of California, California State University, and California Community Colleges, by enacting a dedicated tax (ranging from 12-22%, depending on value) on estate property in California valued at $3.5 million or more and transferred upon death. Exempts revenue from constitutionally required: annual state spending limit, minimum-funding guarantee for schools, and state budget reserve deposits. Requires that revenue would supplement, and not replace, existing financial aid programs for college students. Summary of estimate by Legislative Analyst and Director of Finance of fiscal impact on state and local government: Increased state revenues of a few billion dollars annually, ramping up over the initial few years—with amounts depending upon economic trends, future legislative actions, and taxpayer decisions. The increased revenues would be dedicated first to subsidizing the costs of higher education for students, with any remaining monies dedicated to public education. (17-0038.)

1838. (17-0042, Amdt.#1)
Establishes New Standards for Confinement of Certain Farm Animals; Bans Sale of Certain Non-Complying Products. Initiative Statute.
Summary Date: 12/29/17 | Circulation Deadline: 06/27/18 | Signatures Required: 365,880
Proponents: Debra Jane Murdock (916) 441-1064

Establishes new minimum space requirements for confining veal calves, breeding pigs, and egg-laying hens; requires egg-laying hens be raised in cage-free environment after December 31, 2023. Prohibits certain commercial sales of specified meat and egg products from animals confined in non-complying manner. Defines sales violations as unfair competition. Creates good faith defense for sellers relying upon written certification by suppliers that meat or animal products comply with new confinement standards. Requires State of California to issue implementing regulations. Summary of estimate by Legislative Analyst and Director of Finance of fiscal impact on state and local government: Potential decrease in state and local tax revenues from farm businesses, likely not to exceed the low millions of dollars annually. Potential state costs ranging up to ten million dollars annually to enforce the measure. (17-0042.)

1840. (17-0044, Amdt.#1)
Restricts Parole for Non-Violent Offenders. Authorizes Felony Sentences for Certain Offenses Currently Treated Only as Misdemeanors. Initiative Statute. - (25% of Signatures Reached 02/07/2018 (PDF))
Summary Date: 01/04/18 | Circulation Deadline: 07/03/18 | Signatures Required: 365,880
Proponents: Nina Salarno Besselman c/o Charles H. Bell, Jr. (916) 442-7757

Imposes restrictions on parole program for non-violent offenders who have completed the full term for their primary offense. Expands list of offenses that disqualify an inmate from this parole program. Changes standards and requirements governing parole decisions under this program. Authorizes felony charges for specified theft crimes currently chargeable only as misdemeanors, including some theft crimes where the value is between $250 and $950. Requires persons convicted of specified misdemeanors to submit to collection of DNA samples for state database. Summary of estimate by Legislative Analyst and Director of Finance of fiscal impact on state and local government: Increased state and local correctional costs likely in the tens of millions of dollars annually, primarily related to increases in penalties for certain theft-related crimes and the changes to the nonviolent offender release consideration process. Increased state and local court-related costs of around a few million dollars annually related to processing probation revocations and additional felony theft filings. Increased state and local law enforcement costs not likely to exceed a couple million dollars annually related to collecting and processing DNA samples from additional offenders. (17-0044.)

1842. (17-0046, Amdt.#1)
Amends Three Strikes Sentencing Law for Repeat Offenders. Initiative Statute.
Summary Date: 01/17/18 | Circulation Deadline: 07/16/18 | Signatures Required: 365,880
Proponents: Thomas R. Loversky (888) 245-9393

Revises the three strikes law to impose a life sentence with possibility of parole only when the third or subsequent conviction is for a violent felony, unless the new offense is a specified sex- or firearm-related crime, or a prior offense was for rape, child molestation, or murder. Requires resentencing of inmates currently serving life with possible parole if they would have received different sentences under this measure. Applies savings to schools, colleges, prison rehabilitation programs, and youth crime prevention programs. Summary of estimate by Legislative Analyst and Director of Finance of fiscal impact on state and local government: Net state criminal justice system savings that would likely be in the high tens of millions of dollars initially and could eventually exceed $100 million annually. State savings from the measure would be spent on education, inmate rehabilitation, and youth crime prevention programs. Increased county costs that could exceed $10 million annually, primarily due to increased county community supervision populations. (17-0046.)

1843. (17-0047, Amdt.#1)
Increases Funding for Hospitals, Clinics, and Primary Care Providers Serving Low-Income Patients by Increasing Tax on Personal Income Over $1 Million. Initiative Constitutional Amendment.
Summary Date: 01/18/18 | Circulation Deadline: 07/17/18 | Signatures Required: 585,407 - (25% of Signatures Reached 04/20/2018 (PDF))
Proponents: Michael Borges and Benjamin Tracey c/o Catha Worthman and Darin Ranahan (510) 269-7998

Increases funding for: (1) eligible hospitals, clinics, and primary healthcare providers that serve low-income patients and medically underserved communities; and (2) educating and training certain healthcare workers. Provides dedicated revenue for this funding and program administration by taxing personal income over $1 million an additional 1%. Requires annual audit to verify funds are properly spent. Requires Attorney General or district attorneys to investigate misuse of funds. Summary of estimate by Legislative Analyst and Director of Finance of fiscal impact on state and local government: Additional state revenues typically between $1.5 billion and $2.5 billion annually, depending on the economy and asset markets. This funding is allocated to safety net hospitals (70 percent), community health clinics (25 percent), and health care workforce development and training projects (5 percent) eligible for funding under the initiative. (17-0047.)

1847. (17-0051, Amdt.#1)
Expands Requirement for Supermajority Approval to Enact New Local Government Revenue Measures. Initiative Constitutional Amendment.
Summary Date: 01/26/18 | Circulation Deadline: 07/25/18 | Signatures Required: 585,407
Proponents: Robert Lapsley c/o Kurt Oneto (916) 446-6752

For local governments, requires two-thirds approval of electorate to raise new taxes or governing body to raise new fees. Requires that local laws enacting new taxes specify how revenues can be spent. Heightens legal threshold for local governments to prove that fees passed without two-thirds voter approval are not taxes. Invalidates local taxes imposed in 2018, unless taxes meet criteria adopted by this measure. Summary of estimate by Legislative Analyst and Director of Finance of fiscal impact on state and local government: Potentially substantial decrease in annual local revenues, depending upon future actions of local governing bodies, voters, and the courts. (17-0051.)

1848. (17-0052, Amdt.#1)
Regulates Various Substances and Practices Related to Agriculture, Consumer Products, and Health. Initiative Statute.
Summary Date: 02/07/18 | Circulation Deadline: 08/06/18 | Signatures Required: 365,880
Proponents: Cheriel Jensen (408) 379-0463 email: 

Prohibits genetically engineered plants and animals and over 300 listed substances from being used or released into the environment. Creates new state entity to regulate environmental activities, modify projects having pollution and radiation impacts, and test and approve substances before they can be introduced in California. Prohibits treatment of water with fluoride or chlorine. Regulates vaccine ingredients and eliminates vaccination as a prerequisite for attendance at schools and daycare facilities. Provides criminal and civil liability for violations, with no statute of limitations. Fiscal impact: It is the opinion of the Legislative Analyst and Director of Finance that the measure would result in a substantial net change in state and local finances. (17-0052.)

1849. (17-0053)
Increases the Number of Candidates in General Elections for State and Congressional Offices. Initiative Constitutional Amendment.
Summary Date: 02/14/18 | Circulation Deadline: 08/13/18 | Signatures Required: 585,407
Proponents: Richard Charles Ginnaty (714) 771-1720

Increases the number of candidates that advance from a primary election to a general election, from the top two candidates to the top four candidates, regardless of party affiliation. Applies to congressional, state legislative, and most statewide offices. Summary of estimate by Legislative Analyst and Director of Finance of fiscal impact on state and local government: Increased state and local elections costs potentially totaling in the millions of dollars for every two-year election cycle. (17-0053.)

1850. (17-0054)
Allows for Jury Trials in Child-Custody and Dependent-Child Determinations. Initiative Statute.
Summary Date: 02/20/18 | Circulation Deadline: 08/20/18 | Signatures Required: 365,880
Proponents: Stephen Konnoff and 18 others (916) 508-8047

Gives parties in child-custody matters the right to demand that a jury, rather than a judge, determine who receives the physical and legal custody of the child. Prohibits the judge from rejecting a jury’s joint-child-custody decision. Provides that findings in dependent-child proceedings, in which a juvenile may be declared a dependent of the court, can be made by a judge or jury. Summary of estimate by Legislative Analyst and Director of Finance of fiscal impact on state and local government: Unknown ongoing net fiscal impact on state courts that would depend significantly on (1) how the measure is interpreted and implemented by the courts and (2) how individuals respond to the ability to demand a jury trial in child custody and juvenile dependency jurisdictional hearings. Potential ongoing increase in county costs that could reach the low millions of dollars annually related to juvenile dependency jurisdictional cases—some or all of which could be shifted to the state. (17-0054.)

1851. (17-0055, Amdt.#1))
Requires Certain Commercial and Industrial Real Property to be Taxed Based on Fair-Market Value. Dedicates Portion of Any Increased Revenue to Education and Local Services. Initiative Constitutional Amendment.
Summary Date: 02/20/18 | Circulation Deadline: 08/20/18 | Signatures Required: 585,407 - (25% of Signatures Reached 02/26/2018 (PDF))
Proponents: Anthony Thigpenn, Helen Hutchison, Benjamin McBride

Taxes certain commercial and industrial real property based on fair-market value—rather than, under current law, the purchase price with limited inflation. Exempts agricultural property and certain small businesses. Dedicates portion of any increased revenue to local services and to supplement, not replace, state’s minimum-funding guarantee to schools. Provides tax exemption for $500,000 worth of tangible personal property used for business and all personal property used for certain small businesses. Summary of estimate by Legislative Analyst and Director of Finance of fiscal impact on state and local government: Net increase in annual property tax revenues of $6.5 billion to $10.5 billion in most years, depending on the strength of real estate markets. After paying for county administrative costs and backfilling state income tax losses related to the measure, the remaining $6 billion to $10 billion would be allocated to schools (40 percent) and other local governments (60 percent). (17-0055.)

1852. (18-0001))
Requires a Vote in 2021 on Whether California Should Become an Independent Country. Initiative Statute.
Summary Date: 04/20/18 | Circulation Deadline: 10/17/18 | Signatures Required: 365,880
Proponents: Marcus Ruiz Evans (415) 595-3394 and Louis J. Marinelli (916) 524-0631

Requires a special election in May 2021 to ask voters whether California should become an independent country, in the form of a republic. If approved by a majority of voters, requires the Legislature to declare California’s independence from the United States. Requires California to invite and encourage international election monitors to observe and monitor the measure, including the voting process, collection of ballots, and certification of results. Summary of estimate by Legislative Analyst and Director of Finance of fiscal impact on state and local government: Potential one-time state and local costs in the tens of millions of dollars to hold a statewide special election. (18-0001.)



*Elections Code section 9034 requires that once proponent(s) of a proposed initiative measure have gathered 25% of the number of signatures required (currently 91,740 for an initiative statute and 146,352 for a constitutional amendment) proponent(s) must immediately certify that they have done so under penalty of perjury to the Secretary of State.

Upon receipt of the certification, the Secretary of State must provide copies of the proposed initiative measure and the circulating title and summary to the Senate and the Assembly. Each house is required to assign the proposed initiative measure to its appropriate committees and hold joint public hearings, at least 131 days before the date of the election at which the measure is to be voted on. However, the Legislature cannot amend the proposed initiative measure or prevent it from appearing on the ballot.