Sections 11B-206.4, 11B-403, and 11B-404

Print Version(PDF)

Doorways, hallways, and entrances into the voting area shall be connected by an accessible path of travel from public transportation stops, from accessible parking and passenger loading zones, and from public streets and sidewalks if these paths of travel are provided. (CCR, Section 11B-206.4.)

The maximum effort to pull or push open a door shall not exceed five pounds of force so that voters with disabilities and elderly voters will be able to enter the voting area. (CCR, Section 11B-404.2.9.) All doors on the accessible path of travel shall have a clear width of at least 32 inches. (CCR, Section 11B-404.2.3.)

The "strike-side" or "strike-edge" of the door is located at the edge of the door opposite the hinges. The strike-side requires a clear space on the pull side of the door that extends 18 inches beyond the edge of the door for interior doors, and 24 inches for exterior doors. Some doors have an automatic closing device. If a door has an automatic closer and the door hardware latches shut, the push side of the door requires a clear space that extends 12 inches beyond the edge of the door. (CCR, Sections 11B-404.2.4.1 and 11B-404.3.) See Figure 7.

A drawing of a person using a wheelchair at a doorway illustrating doorway clear space for push aside and pull aside front approaches.

Figure 7: Person using a wheelchair at a doorway illustrating doorway clear space for push side and pull side front approaches.

Entrances require level landings on each side of the door to allow a voter to open and maneuver around a door. All doors shall have a 60-inch landing perpendicular to the door on the pull-side of the door. On the push side, there shall be a 48-inch landing perpendicular to the door. (CCR, Section 11B-404.2.4.1.) All doors shall have a smooth, uninterrupted surface that is minimum 10 inches high measured from the floor on the push side to allow the door to be opened by a wheelchair footrest without creating a trap or hazardous condition. (CCR, Section 11B-404.2.10.)

The threshold at the bottom of a doorway may not exceed ½ inch in height. Any vertical surface at the threshold ¼-inch to ½-inch high shall be beveled. (CCR, Section 11B-404.2.5.)

Hand-activated door opening hardware, such as handles, pulls, latches, locks, and other operating devices shall be easy to operate with one hand without tight grasping, pinching or twisting of the wrist. The operable part of the door hardware shall be placed between 34 inches and 44 inches above the finished floor. Latching and locking doors that are hand-activated and are located on a path of travel shall be operable with a single effort by lever-type hardware, panic bars, push-pull activating bars or other similar hardware. (CCR, Section 11B-404.2.7.) See Figure 8

Drawings of hand-activated door opening hardware including handles, pulls, and latches.

Figure 8: Hand-activated door opening hardware including handles, pulls, and latches.

Hallway and corridor width requirements depend on the number of people using the area. When 10 or more people use hallways or corridors in buildings such as businesses, churches, or schools, the required width of the hallway/corridor is 44 inches wide. (CCR, Section 11B-403.5.1 Exception 2.) Corridors and hallways serving an occupant load of less than 10 shall not be less than 36 inches wide. (CCR, Section 11B-403.5.1.)

When hallways exceed 200 feet in length, there shall be passing spaces 60 inches by 60 inches, at intervals no more than 200 feet apart. A "T" intersection of two corridors or walks is an acceptable passing place. (CCR, Section 11B-403.5.3.) See Figure 9.

A diagram of a person using a wheelchair within a

Figure 9: Person using a wheelchair within a "T" intersection with measurements.

Other requirements for the interior path of travel may include the slope, cross-slope, overhead clear space, protruding objects, changes in level, and stable, firm, and slip- resistant surfaces, or other path of travel features as explained in Section 2 Path of Travel.