CALIFORNIA SECRETARY OF STATE
Lobbying Expenditures and
The Top 100 Lobbying Firms

January 1, 1999 through December 31, 1999


OVERVIEW

$163.7 was spent to lobby state government in California during the twelve-month period of January 1, 1999 through December 31, 1999.*

Among all lobbyist employers, Pacific Telesis Group & its subsidiaries spent the most on lobbying activities from January 1, 1999 through December 31, 1999. The total twelve-month lobbying expenditures for Pacific Telesis Group & its subsidiaries were $2,057,723.

During the fourth quarter of 1999, Western States Petroleum Association spent the most on lobbying activities--$554,109.

Among lobbying firms, Kahl/Pownall Advocates received the most payments during the twelve-month period of January 1, 1999 through December 31, 1999, as well as during the fourth quarter of 1999. From January 1, 1999 through December 31, 1999, Kahl/Pownall Advocates received almost $4.0 million and during the fourth quarter of 1999 the firm received $1,042,442.

The following report summarizes total payments made by 2,176 lobbyist employers, including payments made to in-house lobbyists and to contract lobbyists. In addition to salaries and fees, the payments include overhead expenses and gifts. Total payments to the top 100 lobbying firms also are included.

* Lobbying expenditures identified in this report include expenditures for the purpose of attempting to influence state administrative actions not related to the State Legislature. The most significant expenditures involving administrative actions are payments by utilities (e.g., Pacific Telesis Group & its Subsidiaries) in connection with proceedings before the Public Utilities Commission and payments by insurance companies (e.g., Pacific Telesis Group & its subsidiaries) in connection with proceedings before the Department of Insurance.


In addition, lobbying expenditures include dues paid by certain government agencies to organizations that engage in specified lobbying activities. These dues are paid primarily by local governments to associations (e.g., California State Association of Counties; League of California Cities). Dues that must be disclosed as lobbying expenditures also are paid by some school districts and utilities. Consequently, the interest group categories identified in this report that include dues payments are: government, education, and utilities.




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