Top 10 Lobbyist Employers
January 1, 1999 - December 31, 2000

  1/1/99 - 12/31/00
Cumulative Expenditures
California Teachers Association $ 5,742,924
Pacific Telesis Group & its subsidiaries 5,160,857
Western States Petroleum Association 3,862,287
California Chamber of Commerce 3,580,571
Edison International and subsidiaries 3,110,820
California Healthcare Association and affiliated entities 2,699,098
California Medical Association 2,697,448
California Manufacturers Association 2,435,296
State Farm Insurance Companies 2,383,542
Consumer Attorneys of California 2,318,112

NOTE: Lobbying expenditures identified in this report include expenditures for the purpose of attempting to influence state administrative actions in addition to expenditures to influence the State Legislature. The most significant expenditures involving administrative actions are payments by utilities (e.g., Pacific Telesis Group & its subsidiaries) in connection with proceedings before the Public Utilities Commission and payments by insurance companies (e.g., State Farm Insurance Companies) in connection with proceedings before the Department of Insurance.
 
In addition, lobbying expenditures include dues paid by certain government agencies to organizations that engage in specified lobbying activities. These dues are paid primarily by local governments to associations (e.g., California State Association of Counties; League of California Cities). Dues which must be disclosed as lobbying expenditures also are paid by some school districts and utilities. Consequently, the interest group categories identified in this report which include dues payments are government, education and utilities.