$70.4 million was spent to lobby* state government in California during the 6-month period of January 1, 1997 through June 30, 1997. $37.0 million was spent during the second quarter of 1997.
Among all lobbyist employers, Western States Petroleum Association spent the most on lobbying activities from January 1, 1997 through June 30, 1997. The association's total 6-month lobbying expenditures were $1.2 million.
During the second quarter of 1997, Western States Petroleum Association also spent the most on lobbying activities--$640,772.
Among lobbying firms, Kahl/Pownall Advocates received the most payments during the 6-month period of January 1, 1997 through June 30, 1997--$1,722,695.
During the second quarter of 1997, Kahl/Pownall Advocates also received the most payments--$848,870.
The following report summarizes total payments made by 2,171 lobbyist employers, including payments made to in-house lobbyists and to contract lobbyists. In addition to salaries and fees, the payments include overhead expenses and gifts. Total payments to the top 100 lobbying firms also are included.
The report identifies lobbyist employers by interest groups, ranging from
agriculture to utilities. Rankings of these categories by expenditures
for January 1, 1997 through June 30, 1997 are found in
Table 1 and expenditures for April 1 through
June 30, 1997(the second quarter only) is located in
In addition, each of the employers and firms identified in Tables 1 through 6 are linked to The 1997-98 Directory of Lobbyists, Lobbying Firms and Lobbyist Employers which contains additional lobbying information.
Lobbyist Employers-Each lobbyist employer may be located by first selecting the appropriate industry group classification. Employers are listed alphabetically within their respective group classifications.
Top 100 Lobbying Firms-Each of the 100 lobbying firms that received the most payments during the first and second quarters of 1997 is listed alphabetically. Each firm's lobbyists and clients are identified, along with the total payments received by the firm as well as the individual payments the firm received from each client.
The California Secretary of State Home
Page provides additional information on lobbying and related subjects,
including updated information regarding the identities and relationships
of lobbyists, lobbying firms, and lobbyist employers depicted in the Secretary
of State's publication: "The
1997-1998 Directory of Lobbyists, Lobbying Firms and Lobbyist Employers"