The information contained in this report was obtained from disclosure statements filed with the Secretary of State by lobbying firms and employers of lobbyists covering the period of January 1, 1995 through December 31, 1996.
Lobbying expenditures identified in this report include expenditures for the purpose of attempting to influence state administrative actions in addition to expenditures to influence legislative actions. The most significant expenditures involving administrative actions are payments by utilities (e.g., Pacific Telesis Group & its Subsidiaries) in connection with proceedings before the Public Utilities Commission and payments by insurance companies (e.g., State Farm Insurance Companies) in connection with proceedings before the Department of Insurance.
In addition, lobbying expenditures include dues paid by certain government agencies to organizations that engage in specified lobbying activities. These dues are paid primarily by local governments to associations (e.g., California State Association of Counties; League of California Cities). Dues which must be disclosed as lobbying expenditures also are paid by some school districts and utilities. Consequently, the interest group categories identified in this report which include dues payments are: government, education, and utilities.
A lobbyist employer, as defined by Government Code Section 82039.5, is "any person, other than a lobbying firm, who: (a) Employs one or more lobbyists for economic consideration...for the purpose of influencing legislative or administrative action, or (b) Contracts for the services of a lobbying firm for economic consideration...for the purpose of influencing legislative or administrative action."
Government Code Section 82038.5 describes a lobbying firm as "any business entity, including an individual contract lobbyist, which...receives or becomes entitled to receive any compensation...for the purpose of influencing legislative or administrative action on behalf of any other person...."
This report summarizes payments made by 1,956 lobbyist employers, including payments to lobbyists employed by the filer ("in-house lobbyists") or payments made to lobbying firms ("contract lobbyists"); activity expenses, including gifts; and the total of all other payments, including overhead expenses. It also summarizes the total payments received, including fees and retainers, by the top 100 lobbying firms registered with the Secretary of State.
The report groups lobbyist employers by interest categories, such as agriculture, finance/insurance, and legal. It discloses the total expenditures for each lobbyist employer and each category of lobbyist employer from January 1, 1995 through December 31, 1996. Campaign contributions made by lobbyist employers are not included in this report.
For lobbying firms, the report includes the total payments received by each firm, and also identifies individual clients of each firm and the clients’ payments from January 1, 1995 through December 31, 1996.
This report by the Office of the Secretary of State is intended to provide an overview of lobbying payments. Copies of lobbying disclosure statements, which are filed with the Secretary of State on a quarterly basis coinciding with each two-year legislative session, are available for more detailed examination at the Political Reform Division of the Secretary of State, 1500 11th Street, Room 495, Sacramento, CA 95814.
NOTE: When the following report identifies zero financial activity ($0) for a lobbyist employer, this means that the lobbyist employer disclosure report filed for this time period did not reflect any expenditure activity, or the filing was not made.