Recall History in California (1913 to Present)

Since 1913, there have been 161 recall attempts of state elected officials in California. Nine recall efforts collected enough signatures to qualify for the ballot and of those, the elected official was recalled in five instances.

AttemptedOfficial
49 Governor
1 Lieutenant Governor
5 Attorney General
1 Insurance Commissioner
2 Member of the Board of Equalization
27 Member of the State Senate
48 Member of the Assembly
1 Supreme Court (entire membership)
27 Supreme Court (individual justices)

Recall attempts that have qualified for the ballot

  • 1913     Senator Marshall Black (R-Prog.) - 28th Senate District (Santa Clara County)
  • 1913     Senator Edwin E. Grant (D) - 19th Senate District (San Francisco County)
  • 1914     Senator James C. Owens (D) - 9th Senate District (Marin and Contra Costa counties)
  • 1994     Senator David Roberti (D) - 20th Senate District (Los Angeles County)
  • 1994     Assemblyman Michael Machado (D) - 17th Assembly District (San Joaquin County)
  • 1994     Assemblyman Paul Horcher (R) - 60th Assembly District (Los Angeles County)
  • 1995     Assemblywoman Doris Allen (R) - 67th Assembly District (Orange County)
  • 2003     Governor Gray Davis (D)
  • 2007     Senator Jeffrey Denham (R) - 12th Senate District (Madera, Merced, Monterey, San Benito, and Stanislaus counties)

Successful recall attempts

  • 1913     Senator Marshall Black (R-Prog.) - Herbert C. Jones (D-Prohib.) elected successor
  • 1914     Senator Edwin E. Grant (D) - Edwin L. Wolfe (R) elected successor
  • 1994     Assemblyman Paul Horcher (R) - Gary Miller (R) elected successor
  • 1995     Assemblywoman Doris Allen (R) - Scott Baugh (R) elected successor
  • 2003     Governor Gray Davis (D) - Arnold Schwarzenegger (R) elected successor

Complete List of Recall Attempts