Oral History Guide Interview Summaries



Transcripts of the California State Archives' oral histories are available for purchase. They are printed on acid–free paper and the price includes postage and handling. Please contact the oral history program coordinator, Sebastian Nelson to discuss payment and shipping options.

Oral history interviews conducted by the Regional Oral History Office are available to view in the California State Archives Research Room. Copyright laws limit the number of pages the California State Archives can reproduce from these volumes. Researchers must contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library at the University of California, Berkeley to obtain full transcripts of these volumes.


Interview Summaries (S)

Salinger, Pierre (OH KB–22)

"A Journalist as Democratic Campaigner and U.S. Senator," Political Advocacy and Loyalty. (1979). U.S. Senator, 1964.

Salinger discusses his 1964 campaign for U.S. Senator. Other topics include his schooling and newspaper work in California and also campaigns that occurred after 1964.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Salsman, Byrl R. (OH W–11)

"Shepherding Health Insurance Bills Through the California Legislature," Earl Warren and Health Insurance: 1943–1949. (1970). Senator, 1943–1949; Assembly Member, 1939–1941.

Salsman discusses his role in Earl Warren's effort to achieve passage of state–administered health insurance legislation. In reviewing health insurance legislation, Salsman mentions Olson's bills as well as Warren's. In 1945 he was aware that there were inequities in medical care, but also had reservations about the specific legislation. He describes his efforts as chairman of the Senate Public Health Committee to do his best by the Governor's legislation, including taking the unprecedented step of calling for a vote of the whole senate to bring the health insurance bill out of committee for a floor vote. He outlines the available health insurance of the day, and the nature and extent of objections to Warren's legislation––particularly the issues of physicians' fees and administrative costs.

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Salvatori, Henry (OH R–22)

"Henry Salvatori," The "Kitchen Cabinet": Four California Citizen Advisers of Ronald Reagan. (1981).

Together with Edward Mills, Holmes Tuttle, and A.C. Rubel, they formed the Friends of Ronald Reagan in 1965. This small group convinced Reagan to consider becoming a candidate for governor and did much of the early fund raising and exploring for political support which made his candidacy possible.

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Samuel, Bruce (OH 93–1)

Oral History Interview with Bruce Samuel. (1991–1992). State Government Employee, 1960–1984.

Samuel begins the interview with a brief discussion of his childhood and education. He discusses Legislative Analyst A. Alan Post and his office, the budget hearing process under three governors and the Consumer Counsel's Office under Helen Nelson. He discusses partisanship changes in the state senate and assembly among legislators and staff. Samuel speaks about transportation issues such as sales tax on gasoline and motor vehicle air pollution. He discusses in detail the pro tem–ship of Senator Jim Mills, the renovation of the Capitol, the power of the press, and special interest groups.

Transcript price: (160 pp.) $27.00



Santillan, Richard A. (OH 91–7)

Oral History Interview with Richard A. Santillan. (1989). Director of Chicano Reapportionment Project, Rose Institute of State and Local Government, Claremont McKenna College, 1981.

Santillan discusses his early life and education in Los Angeles and details his activities and advocacy in various organizations, especially Californios for Fair Representation, and his reapportionment–related work as director, Chicano Reapportionment Project, Rose Institute of State and Local Government, Claremont, California.

Transcript price: (265 pp.) $30.00



Sargent, Gladys W. (OH 91–18)

Oral History Interview with Gladys W. Sargent. (1989). Lobbyist, 1950s– . (pdf ~ 5.62 MB, 242 pages)

Sargent discusses her long career, from the 1950s to the 1990s, lobbying on the behalf of animals, stressing the tactics and point of view that have made her a beloved and highly successful woman lobbyist. Her friendships and access at the Capitol provide many anecdotes about individuals and proceedings at the California Legislature. She also discusses women legislators and other women lobbyists.

Transcript price: (242 pp.) $30.00



Schott, Phillip H. (OH 92–2)

Oral History Interview with Phillip H. Schott. (1990). California Assembly Chief Administrative Officer, 1963–1966; Legislative Representative, 1973 to present.

Schott discusses Jesse Unruh campaign of 1962, issues of the California assembly, work of the Rules Committee, senate and assembly leadership, legislative reform, and the role of the lobbyist.

Transcript price: (285 pp.) $30.00



Schottland, Charles Irwin(OH W–15)

"State Director of Social Welfare, 1950–54," Earl Warren as Executive: Social Welfare and State Parks. (1972).

Many of the problems of Social Welfare came into sharp focus for the first time in the 1950s. California was faced with an enormous increase in population due to the influx of workers to wartime industries, immigration from the rest of the country and abroad, and a baby boom. The strains that this growth put on all areas of government were felt with the greatest immediacy in the Social Welfare and Education Departments. In Social Welfare, the situation was aggravated by the passage and repeal of Proposition 2 (1948 and 1949) which first turned many welfare responsibilities over to the counties; when it was repealed a year later, these reverted to the state.

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Scoggins, Verne (OH R–25)

"Observations on California Affairs by Governor Earl Warren's Press Secretary," The Governor and the Public, the Press, and the Legislature. (1970, 1971). Press Secretary, 1947–1953; Public Relations Secretary, 1943–1947.

Scoggins discusses Warren's first campaign for and first term as governor. He describes the highly effective press relations operation he maintained and shares his wider perspective on voter response to Warren and changing political currents. He draws comparisons with the development of radio and television and their impact on campaigning.

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Scudder, Kenyon J. (OH W–14A)

"Beginnings of Therapeutic Correctional Facilities," Earl Warren and the Youth Authority. (1971). Executive Superintendent, California Institution for Men at Chico, 1942–1954.

Scudder records his observations on the role of Earl Warren in California correctional reforms of the 1940s. He established a pioneering program for adults for the Dept. of Corrections in 1941. Many of his ideas also had an impact on the development of the Youth Authority which was created in 1942. Scudder's idea that the Youth Authority should work with the community to help it solve its own problems rather than operating institutions itself seems a forerunner of the probation subsidy program which Heman Stark discusses in his interview.

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Scudder, Kenyon J. (OH W–14B)

Between the Dark and the Daylight.

Scudder referred to the typescript of his book several times in the 1971 interview. For the potential or practicing professional, this is a vivid reporting of the dire conditions that prevailed in reformatories and prisons not too long ago, as well as a useful guidebook to the attitudes and policies that have worked in helping confined individuals develop their self–sufficiency and abilities.

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Seeley, Raymond T. (OH 90–36)

Oral History Interview with Raymond T. Seeley. (1990). Assembly Member, 1970–1974. (pdf ~ 4.36 MB, 195 pages)

Seeley discusses his family background and education, the impact of the Great Depression on his personal life and its effects on his professional career. He talks about his political career, both on the county level and in the state legislature. He addresses the legislative needs of his district and the necessity of clean government in general. Seeley also describes the duties of the California Horse Racing Board and his eight years of service on it.

Transcript price: (195 pp.) $27.00



Severin, Clarence E. (OH W–44)

"Chief Clerk in the Alameda County District Attorney's Office," Perspectives on the Alameda County District Attorney's Office, Vol. II. (1972).

Severin describes the new filing system he helped create, and the invaluable assistance provided by the WPA in furnishing manpower to complete the massive task of filing and reorganizing the office. He discusses in some detail the functioning of the office. He describes Warren's method of selecting and training his staff, and the office rules which assured absolute integrity.

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Sexton, Keith (OH KB–12)

"Legislating Higher Education: a Consultant's View of the Master Plan for Higher Education," Education Issues and Planning, 1953–1966. (1978).

Sexton discusses his experience as a consultant to the Assembly Education Committee, his close working relationship with Education Committee Chairwoman Dorothy Donahoe, and his role in the designing of the Master Plan for Higher Education.

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Shaw, Mary (OH W–43)

"Perspectives of a Newspaperwoman," Perspectives on the Alameda County District Attorney's Office, Vol. I. (1970).

Shaw comments insightfully on leading figures in the Bay Area newspaper world in the 1920s and 1930s. Both she and her husband, Robert Shaw, witnessed the political struggle which ensued when District Attorney Ezra Decoto was appointed to the Railroad Commission in 1925 and two experienced deputies, Earl Warren and Frank Shay, sought to fill the vacancy. She helped uncover key facts in the Bessie Ferguson case, District Attorney Warren's first major murder case, and she comments on the effect of this case on the relationship between Earl Warren and other county officials.

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Shaw, Stanford C. (OH 89–1)

Oral History Interview with Stanford C. Shaw. (1988). Senator, 1959–1963; Assembly Member, 1951–1956. (pdf ~ 5.52 MB, 230 pages)

Shaw discusses the nature of the assembly in the early 1950s: Speaker Sam Collins, lobbyist Arthur Samish, use of spot bills, impact of the Korean War, early concerns over smog, issues addressed in his bills. His senate service centered on his obtaining a state college for his county, the State Water Plan, and leadership in the senate. He comments on lobbying and the effect of incumbency in relationship to the state legislature.

Transcript price: (231 pp.) $30.00



Shea, Willard W. (OH W–43)

"Recollections of Alameda County's First Public Defender," Perspectives on the Alameda County District Attorney's Office, Vol. I. (1970).

As Alameda County's first public defender from 1927 to 1950, Shea's career roughly parallel Earl Warren's career as district attorney. The two very early established a friendly working relationship. Shea is makes insightful comments about how Warren functioned as prosecuting attorney.

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Sherriffs, Alex C. (OH R–16)

"Education Advisor to Ronald Reagan and State University Administrator, 1969–1982," The Governor's Office and Public Information, Education, and Planning, 1967–1974. (1981, 1982). Education Secretary, 1968.

Sherriffs discusses the physical layout of the office complex and operating relationships between staff members, negotiations with Wilson Riles on such significant issues as early childhood education, bilingual education, and school finance equalization, as well as key aspects of California higher education in the 1970s.

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Sherriffs, Alex C. (OH KB–12)

"The University of California and the Free Speech Movement: Perspectives from a Faculty Member and Administrator," Education Issues and Planning, 1953–1966. (1978). Vice Chancellor – Student Affairs (Berkeley), 1965.

As Vice–Chancellor, Student Affairs in 1964, he found himself caught in the middle between student activists on the one hand and the University of California president and the governor on the other. He speaks of his teaching career at Berkeley, various social and political episodes on campus in the 1950s and 1960s, his view of the origins of the Free Speech Movement, the tense months of give and take among the faculty, students, and state and university officials; the personalities and problems surrounding the negotiations with student demonstrators. He offers his psychological theory for the emergence of student rebellions in the 1960s, a theory that won him selected popularity and a position as education advisor to Governor Reagan.

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Sherry, Arthur H. (OH W–3)

The Alameda County District Attorney's Office and the California Crime Commission. (1971, 1973).

Sherry's career intersected Earl Warren's at several points. Their first and longest association was when Sherry served as a deputy district attorney in Warren's office. Later, in the 1940s, he served on Governor Warren's Special Crime Study Commission on Organized Crime. The descriptions of his work shed light on the effectiveness of organization of the district attorney's office. He points out the value of the daily staff meetings, the functions served by the inspectors, and the effect of Warren's procedural rules on the speed with which cases were tried. He also explains how the California Special Crime Study Commission was first created and how it became an operational agency. He describes the Commission's efforts to encourage local law enforcement agencies to prosecute law breakers and how that body actually functioned.

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Shute, E. Clement, Jr. (OH R–41)

"The Place of the Courts in the Solution of Controversial Policy Issues," The San Francisco Bay Conservation and Development Commission, 1964–1973. (1984). Attorney General Counsel to Commission, 1965–1980.

During the initial crucial three–year interim period when local, state, and federal agencies, private developers, and environmentalists were testing their strengths and their turfs, many legal issues had to be resolved, some of which, through court decisions, would set precedent. This was a new agency dealing with an environmental resource, having such untried and broad ramifications as private property rights on submerged land, public access to the shore, the scope of the historic public trust, police power, mitigation, and regional, rather than local control over the bay and its shoreline. Shute provided the advice, the energy, and the skill needed to establish BCDC's authority over future development of San Francisco Bay in the courts.

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Siems, Edward H. (OH W–19)

"Recollections of Masonic Brother Earl Warren," Earl Warren: Views and Episodes. (1970).

Siems discusses his recollections of Earl Warren as a member and officer of the Grand Lodge of California.

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Sieroty, Alan G. (OH 91–8)

Oral History Interview with Alan G. Sieroty. (1989, 1990). Senator, 1977–1982; Assembly Member, 1967–1977.

Sieroty discusses his early life in Beverly Hills and Los Angeles, California, education and early involvement in local politics, and details many aspects of his tenure in the California state assembly and California state senate before retiring from elective office in 1982.

Transcript price: (331 pp.) $33.00



Simonds, U.S. (OH W–34)

"A Carpenter's Comments," Labor Looks at Earl Warren. (1969).

Simonds was co–chair of Earl Warren's third campaign for governor. He discusses the postwar building boom.

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Simpson, Roy E. (OH KB–6)

California State Department of Education, 1945–1962. (1977). Superintendent of Public Instruction, 1946–1962.

Simpson describes an era when there was ample funding for education and he could enjoy the satisfactions of building a new headquarters in Sacramento and implementing a broad plan to reorganize and expand the Dept. of Education. By the 1960s the financial pinch began to affect education as well as other budgets, and there were challenges to California education from the political right. Simpson describes a suggestion by Governor Pat Brown, a Democrat, that Simpson, a Republican, should resign. He also describes attacks on his department by Max Rafferty during his successful 1962 campaign for Superintendent of Public Instruction.

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Singer, Rita (OH 92–13)

Oral History Interview with Rita Singer. (1991). Attorney, U.S. Dept. of Interior, 1944–1976; California Dept. of Water Resources, 1977– . (pdf ~ 3.99 MB, 152 pages)

Singer discusses her law school experience in the 1930s as one of very few women; people in the Bureau of Indian Affairs including John Collier, William Brophy, Phileo Nash and handling Indian claims litigation in Alaska; World War II and Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry Truman; Department of Interior issues and people including Harold Ickes, Stewart Udall, Cecil Andrus; the Bureau of Reclamation and the 160–acre limit, power and electrical utility law, water issues, the Westlands contract; the state of California Dept. of Water Resources and Ronald Robie.

Transcript price: (140 pp.) $27.00



Sloss, Nancy (OH KB–20)

"Political Appointments and Personalities," Pat Brown: Friends and Campaigners. (1977). Assistant to the Governor, 1965–1966; Assistant to the Executive Secretary, 1964.

Sloss had worked in her native San Francisco on Pat Brown's first gubernatorial campaign in 1958. In 1960 she joined the governor's staff, first taking charge of political correspondence and later assisting the travel secretary. After a leave of absence to work on President Lyndon Johnson's 1964 campaign, she returned to Sacramento as the governor's appointments secretary.

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Small, Merrell Farnham (OH W–17)

"Letter Regarding Earl Warren's Court Appointment, November 15, 1972," Earl Warren: The Chief Justiceship.

Small gives his analysis of Earl Warren's appointment to the Supreme Court.

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Small, Merrell Farnham (OH W–41)

The Office of the Governor Under Earl Warren. (1970, 1971). Secretary, 1949–1952.

Small discusses his working relationship with Earl Warren as an administrative secretary in the governor's office from 1945 to 1953. Topics include council meetings, citizen–participation conferences, and other administrative techniques that were used with particular effectiveness by Governor Warren, political campaigning, work with departmental directors of public health, mental health, and education; public health activities in California and the contrast with government in Washington.

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Smith, Steven E. (OH 91–5)

Oral History Interview with Steven E. Smith. (1990). Executive Director, California Commission for Economic Development, 1975–1978; Consultant and Staff Director, Assembly Elections and Reapportionment Committee, 1964–1966; Executive Director, Assembly Rules Committee, 1962–1964.

Smith discusses his educational background, activities in the state legislature, the 1960s reapportionment, his consulting and political firm, campaigns for Los Angeles City Council and his defeat in his bid for the state senate. He discusses at length his relationship with Congressman Phillip Burton, and Jesse Unruh's interest and supervision in reapportionment plans.

Transcript price: (111 pp.) $24.00



Smith, William French (OH R–12)

Evolution of the Kitchen Cabinet, 1965–1973. (1988).

An original member of the kitchen cabinet, Smith sketches some high points of the early years of his association with Reagan. He describes the activities of the kitchen cabinet. His comments touch on the carefully planned 1966 campaign, selection of key governor's appointees, exploratory activities in the 1968 presidential campaign, as well as his views on judicial temperament and his service as a regent of the University of California.

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Song, Alfred H. (OH 90–17)

Oral History Interview with Alfred H. Song. (1986). Senator, 1966–1978; Assembly Member, 1962–1966; Deputy Attorney General, 1984– . (pdf ~ 6.23 MB, 221 pages)

Song discusses his early political career in Monterey Park, the philosophy and organization of the Democratic Party and its leadership in the 1960s and 1970s. He spends considerable time on the practices of lobbying and legislating, with particularly detailed accounts of the formulation of consumer protection and legal code revision laws. Evaluations are made of many other office holders during his tenure, as well as on political changes in the legislature in the 1970s.

Transcript price: (222 pp.) $27.00



Soto, Nell (OH 89–24)

Oral History Interview with Nell Soto. (1988). Pomona City Councilwoman, 1987– .

Soto discusses her family background, education, experiences working during World War II, interest and activity in Democratic party politics in the Los Angeles metropolitan area, and involvement in her husband's [Philip L. Soto] La Puente City Council and California State Assembly election campaigns.

Transcript price: (116 pp.) $24.00



Soto, Philip L. (OH 89–25)

Oral History Interview with Philip L. Soto. (1988). Assembly Member, 1963–1967.

Soto discusses his family background, service in World War II, securing a vocational education under the G.I. bill, civic affairs and community involvement in La Puente, including service on the city council, supporting the presidential candidacy of John F. Kennedy, running successfully in 1962 and 1964 for an assembly seat, sponsoring numerous bills on education, health, and local government. He shares his observations about Edmund G. Brown, Sr., Jesse M. Unruh and other assembly members.

Transcript price: (241 pp.) $30.00



Spence, Homer R. (OH W–44)

"Attorney, Legislator, and Judge," Perspectives on the Alameda County District Attorney's Office, Vol. II. (1972). Assembly Member, 1921–1925.

Spence relates how he was persuaded to run for the state legislature in 1920 as a progressive Republican. He comments briefly on the state of California politics in the 1920s. In the three terms that Spence served on the legislature he backed several important bills, including the East Bay Municipal Utility District Act, the state bar act, and measures reforming civil legal procedures, all of which he discusses in detail. He also describes his work in 1926 in support of a legislative reapportionment plan, a plan then supported by Earl Warren. Shortly after leaving the legislature in 1927, Spence was appointed to the superior court of Alameda County, where he had several opportunities to observe District Attorney Earl Warren in action. Spence comments on Warren's courtroom style and also on the standards of criminal justice of the day.

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Spencer, Stuart K. (OH R–20)

"Developing a Campaign Management Organization," Issues and Innovations in the 1966 Republican Gubernatorial Campaign. (1979).

Spencer describes the refining of demographic studies and opinion–research techniques made possible by computer technology. He, along with William Roberts, found these methods notably useful in the California Plan, geared to selecting target districts around the state likely to elect Republicans for special election efforts.He talks about the actual techniques of campaigning and the Spender–Roberts Company. Discussion includes campaign finance, efforts to increase voter involvement, and the increasing role of the media in elections.

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Stark, Heman G. (OH W–14A)

"Juvenile Correctional Services and the Community," Earl Warren and the Youth Authority. (1971). Director of Youth Authority, 1952–1963; Chief, Division of Field Services, 1945–1952; Chief, Division of Delinquency and Prevention, 1943–1945.

Stark discusses his role in the development of the California Youth Authority, which was converted from an advisory body to an operating agency early in Governor Earl Warren's administration.

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Stanford, Dan L. (OH 90–23)

Oral History Interview with Dan L. Stanford. (1989). Chair, Fair Political Practices Commission, 1983–1986.

Stanford discusses his legal training and clerkship under U.S. District Court Judge Malcolm Lucas and his association with the law firm of Luce, Forward, Hamilton and Scripps. He relates his active role in Republican politics in San Diego and his work with George Deukmejian in his statewide campaigns. He fully discusses his chairmanship of the Fair Political Practices Commission and his campaign for the state controllership.

Transcript price: (171 pp.) $27.00



Stassen, Harold E. (OH W–17)

"Eisenhower, the 1952 Republican Convention, and Earl Warren," Earl Warren: The Chief Justiceship. (1976).

Stassen reviews his role in the events surrounding the 1952 Republican national convention and associations with Earl Warren.

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Stead, Frank M. (OH W–13)

"Environmental Pollution Control," Earl Warren and the State Department of Public Health. (1970). Chief, Division of Environmental Sanitation, 1946–1966.

Stead discusses his early field work in sanitation and acquaintance with Carl Buck and Wilton Halverson, whose vision and energy led him to join the State Dept. of Public Health shortly after Halverson assumed the directorship in 1944. He gives a detailed account of the Water Pollution Act of 1949, the first piece of legislation to provide for an aggressive state role in regulating industrial use of water. His discussion not only presents the issues that were to become critical as ecology became a major public issue, but also reflects the struggle between special interests and the public interest in the arena of legislative procedures and lobbying activities.

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Stearns, James G. (OH R–14)

"Joining Reagan's Crusade in Sacramento: Conservation, Agriculture, and Employee Relations," Governor Reagan's Cabinet and Agency Administration. (1985). Secretary of Agriculture and Services Agency, 1972–1974; Director of Conservation, 1967–1972.

Stearns discusses his appointment and term as director of the Dept. of Conservation, his role as Agriculture and Services Agency secretary, and his responsibilities for state employer–employee relations during a tempestuous period of strikes and threatened strikes. He also describes interagency and interdepartmental relations and of decision making in the Reagan cabinet.

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Steinhart, John H. (OH W–22)

"Jesse and Amy Steinhart," Earl Warren's Campaigns, Vol. II. (1973).

This interview attempts to shed light on the relationship between Earl Warren and Jesse Steinhart and to clarify some of the specific areas in which Steinhart could have influenced Warren's thought and political life. He adds comments about his mother, Amy Sussman Steinhart, who also contributed her talents in the areas of public affairs and education.

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Stiern, Walter W. (OH 88–2)

Oral History Interview with Walter W. Stiern. (1987). Senator, 1959–1986. (pdf ~ 12.37 MB, 489 pages)

Stiern discusses his family background, veterinary career, and service in World War II in the China–Burma–India Theater. He discusses his initial and other election races, especially reapportionment and the 1966 election, the Donahoe Act (Master Plan for Higher Education), the governors in office during his service, particular legislation he carried, members of the state senate and presidents pro tem, lieutenant governors, Ronald Reagan and the University of California, the senate in the 1970s, and committee service.

Transcript price: (489 pp.) 2 vols. $60.00



Stone, Irving and Jean Stone (OH W–51)

"Earl Warren's Friend and Biographer," The Warrens: Four Personal Views. (1970).

The Stones tell about their whirlwind of research, interviewing the Warrens and close associates, and writing during the warm–up for the 1948 presidential campaign in which Warren was to become the running mate of Thomas E. Dewey.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Stone, Jean and Irving Stone (OH W–51)

"Earl Warren's Friend and Biographer," The Warrens: Four Personal Views. (1970).

The Stones tell about their whirlwind of research, interviewing the Warrens and close associates, and writing during the warm–up for the 1948 presidential campaign in which Warren was to become the running mate of Thomas E. Dewey.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Storrs, Eleanor Ring (OH R–39)

"Parties, Politics, and Principles: 'It's at the Local Level'," Republican Philosophy and Party Activism. (1983).

Storrs chronicles her philosophy about the correct role of women in politics and her support for Ronald Reagan as a political and philosophical leader. Within Storrs' discussion of her own efforts in the Republican party are the history of operations in San Diego County, as well as notes on the 1964, 1968, and 1972 Republican national conventions, and on the Republican National Committee.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Strom–Martin, Virginia (OH 2004–05)

Oral History Interview with Virginia Strom–Martin. (2003). California State Assemblywoman, 1996–2002.

Strom–Martin discusses her early life and background, her education, and her teaching career. She talks about her work with the California Teachers Association (CTA) and her involvement in Democratic Party politics and larger education issues. She speaks of her campaign for an assembly seat, her committee assignments, and her relationships with other legislators as well as her legislation. She comments on standardized testing, her work with the Education Committee, and her involvement with natural resources and fishing legislation.

Transcript price: (141 pp.) $27.00



Stubblebine, William Craig (OH R–17)

"The Development of Proposition #1," The History of Proposition #1: Precursor of California Tax Limitation Measures. (1982).

Stubblebine discusses his role in the work of the Task Force on Tax Reduction established by Ronald Reagan during his second term as governor of California. Particular attention is given to the evolution of the concepts and details of Proposition #1, which was the precursor of later California tax limitation initiatives in California.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Sturgeon, Vernon L. (OH R–25)

"State Senator, Reagan Advisor, and PUC Commissioner, 1960–1974," Legislative Issue Management and Advocacy, 1961–1974. (1982). Senator, 1961–1966.

Sturgeon attracted Reagan's attention because of his views on welfare reform and his chairmanship of the Senate Social Welfare Committee. Sturgeon carried a major welfare bill, passed in the early 1960s, which included substantial money for the Aid to Families with Dependent Children program. He also reflects on other matters such as lobbying practices and the early days of the unionization of California's farm workers by Cesar Chavez. Sturgeon discusses how his role and the position of legislative assistant evolved. He comments on his tenure at the PUC, 1969–1974. These five years were difficult for the commission with the combination of new consumer activism, raising gasoline and oil prices worldwide, and important bills which the commission wanted the California legislature to pass.

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Sumner, Bruce W. (OH KB–5)

"California State Assemblyman and Chairman of the Constitution Revision Commission, 1964–1970," California Legislative Leaders, Vol. II. (1979). Assembly Member, 1957–1962.

Sumner addresses his role on the Water and Judiciary Committees. He discusses many of the constitutional articles tackled by the commission, and the politics involved in each.

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Sweigert, William T., Sr. (OH W–1)

Administration and Ethics in the Governor's Office and the Courts, California, 1939–1975. (1972, 1973, 1975). Executive Secretary, 1943–1946; Assistant Attorney General 1942–1943.

Sweigert discusses his overall philosophy of government in relation to his work with Earl Warren. He also briefly outlines some of his efforts to improve administration of the courts, echoing his earlier concerns in state government.

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Swig, Benjamin H. (OH W–51)

"Shared Social Concerns," The Warrens: Four Personal Views. (1971).

Swig discusses his acquaintance with Earl Warren, Warren's family, personal ethics, founding of the Harry S. Truman Institute for the Advancement of Peace, Negro advancement, aftermath of Warren Court decisions, and California politics.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



Swoap, David (OH R–43)

"The Continuing Story of Welfare Reform, 1965–1983," Services for Californians: Executive Department Issues in the Reagan Administration, 1967–1974. (1983).

Swoap recalls participating in the preparation of the legislative analyst's first report on the new Medi–Cal program in 1965. He then became a consultant to the Senate Finance Committee, where he came to respect Chairman Howard Way for his fight against Medi–Cal's open–ended cost–reimbursement provisions. The fight included legislation Way introduced in the late 1960s to correct what were seen as defects in the treatment of outside income, work requirements, and eligibility criteria and, later, assisting with the passage of the governor's bills.

Contact the Regional Oral History Office at the Bancroft Library to purchase a copy of this transcript.



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