October 6, 2011
Contact: Nicole Winger
SACRAMENTO - As California's centennial anniversaries of direct democracy and women's suffrage near, Secretary of State Debra Bowen today rounded up related trends and trivia.
Progressive reforms approved in a statewide special election on October 10, 1911, granted women the right to vote and amended the state constitution to establish the initiative, referendum, and recall processes.
Issues addressed in other measures on the 1911 state ballot included:
"Progressives fought for years to put more power in more people's hands and the 1911 election took democracy in a new direction," said Secretary Bowen, California's chief elections officer and custodian of the State Archives. "While the system is far from perfect, voters have been using some very powerful tools to counter their elected representatives for the last century."
The initiative process enables a person to go straight to the voters to create or change laws, or amend the state’s constitution. The referendum process makes it possible for voters to repeal laws passed by the Legislature. Through the recall process, voters may remove elected officials from office. A statewide ballot measure can be approved by a majority vote. (In addition to direct democracy, measures can also be added to the state ballot by the Legislature.)
1911 – 2011: California Women’s Suffrage and Direct Democracy by the Numbers
For data related to local ballot measures and recalls, contact county elections offices.
For more about initiatives, referenda, and recalls – including historical data and current efforts, go to www.sos.ca.gov/elections.
Keep up with the latest California election news and trivia by following @CASOSvote on Twitter. To sign up for ballot measure updates via email, RSS feed or Twitter, go to www.sos.ca.gov/multimedia.